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International Yearbook of Futurism Studies

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Marinetti in Bilbao: Futurist Influences in the Basque Country

Francisco Javier Muñoz Fernández
Published Online: 2013-05-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/futur.2013.3.1.283


F. T. Marinetti’s manifestos of 1909-12, together with other avant-garde manifestations, were quickly reaching Spain, where their thematic and formal innovations unleashed a controversial debate on Futurism. Some of these ideas were also adapted by writers and artists in the Basque Country, albeit often only superficially. Young artists, anxious to contribute to the regeneration of arts in Spain, opened the door to experimentation in literature, fine arts and architecture, but usually this phase did not last long and did not find a welcoming reception. Juan Larrea was the first Basque poet who, together with other Ultraist and Creationist poets, adopted from 1919 onwards many of the tenets of the Italian avant-garde. In 1926, Ramon de Basterra followed this path, as did the painter Antonio Guezala, who reflected in his works concepts of modernity that had been adopted by innovative poets and painters in Spain. When, in 1928, Marinetti gave several lectures in Madrid, Barcelona and Bilbao on the topic of Futurism in poetry, painting and architecture, his ideas were no longer all that new, but nevertheless stimulated the young Basque student Gabriel Celaya into producing several Futurist works of literature. They also caused a drive towards artistic renewal in architecture, thanks to Luis Vallejo, Jose Manuel Aizpurua and Joaquin Labayen, whose projects had more in common with avant-garde proposals in painting and poetry than with the business of constructing buildings.

Keywords: : Juan Larrea; Ramon de Basterra; Antonio Guezala; Gabriel Celaya; ultraísmo; creacionismo; Marinetti’s tour in Spain (1928); Basque modernist architecture

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Published Online: 2013-05-22

Published in Print: 2013-05-01

Citation Information: International Yearbook of Futurism Studies, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 283–314, ISSN (Online) 2192-029X, ISSN (Print) 2192-0281, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/futur.2013.3.1.283.

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