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International Yearbook of Futurism Studies

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Reactions to Futurism in Galicia, 1916–1936

Iria Sobrino Freire
Published Online: 2013-05-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/futur.2013.3.1.317


This paper approaches the reception of Futurism in Galicia in the period between 1916 and 1936. In the emerging literary field of Galicia, an intense debate was being held about the national cultural identity under the umbrella of an overarching centralist Spanish State. Under the dominant influence of Galician nationalism, literary issues were strongly conditioned by the ideological field. One of the most discussed subjects, in this context, was the appropriateness of the introduction of avant-garde art and literature. The conservative nationalist group, known as the Xeracion Nos, promoted the creation of a literary discourse that voiced a ‘Galician essence’. Nature, folklore, nostalgia, national sentiment and history were some of the main features of this repertoire. In opposition to this, the avant-garde movements, as foreign trends, were seen as a threat to the Galician identity. The countertendency to this nationalist orthodoxy was the position of the Xeracion de 1925. These young writers were eager to develop a contemporary discourse in Galicia and in the Galician language, which meant that the repertoire of the avant-garde was an appealing reference to them. Although Futurism did not have a decisive influence on Galician literature and art, the movement regularly featured as a reference point in articles and letters of the intellectual class. In this essay I shall mainly focus on the writings of two members of the Xeracion Nos, Vicente Risco and Alfonso R. Castelao, and of a member of the Xeracion de 1925, Manuel Antonio.

Keywords: : Xeración Nós; Xeración de 1925; Segundo rexurdimento; Vicente Risco; Alfonso R. Castelao; Manuel Antonio; the manifesto Máis alá; emerging literary fields

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Published Online: 2013-05-22

Published in Print: 2013-05-01

Citation Information: International Yearbook of Futurism Studies, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 317–348, ISSN (Online) 2192-029X, ISSN (Print) 2192-0281, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/futur.2013.3.1.317.

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