Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Folia Veterinaria

4 Issues per year

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Abdominal Ultrasonography in Cattle

K. Munday / P. Mudron
  • Corresponding author
  • Prings Farmhouse, Prings Lane, Maplehurst, Rh13 6GZ England
  • Clinic of Ruminants, University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy Komenskeho 73, 041 81 Košice The Slovak Republic
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-04-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/fv-2016-0005


The main goal of this study was to design and propose specific abdominal zones that would contain the gastrointestinal organs in healthy cattle when scanned with trans-abdominal ultrasound. The second goal was to measure the intestinal wall thicknesses of the cranial duodenum, jejunum and colon and to compare healthy cattle intestinal wall thicknesses with pathological cases. All of the six healthy cattle had organs located in the zones proposed. Three of the four pathological cases had organs outside of the zones proposed. The six healthy cattle had an average cranial duodenum wall thickness of 2.45 mm, an average jejunum wall thickness of 1.90 mm and an average colon wall thickness of 3.02 mm. Of the pathological cases, three out of four had intestinal walls that were thicker than that of the average values for the healthy cattle. The thickest intestinal walls were found in the paratuberculosis positive cow. This cow had a cranial duodenum wall thickness of 9.5 mm, a jejunum wall thickness of 4.9 mm and a colon wall thickness of 10.0 mm. In conclusion, trans-abdominal ultrasonography has the potential to be an ideal diagnostic tool for the investigation of the bovine gastrointestinal tract and gastrointestinal disorders such as abscesses, peritonitis and displacement of the abomasum. Trans-abdominal ultrasound also has the potential to be a non-painful, non-invasive tool for the diagnosis of proliferative intestinal inflammations in cattle.

Keywords: cattle; intestines; paratuberculosis; ultrasonography


  • 1. Behr, M. A., Collins, D. M., 2001: Paratuberculosis: Organism, Disease, Control. CAB International, Oxfordshire, England, 138-188.Google Scholar

  • 2. Braun, U., 2003: Ultrasonography in gastrointestinal disease in cattle. Vet. J., 166, 112-24.Google Scholar

  • 3. Braun, U., 2009: Ultrasonography of the gastrointestinal tract in cattle. Vet. Clin. N. Am. Food Anim. Pract., 25, 567-590.Google Scholar

  • 4. Braun, U., Iselin, U., Lischer, C., Fluri, E., 1998: Ultrasonographic findings in five cows before and after treatment of reticular abscesses. Vet. Rec., 142, 184-189.Google Scholar

  • 5. Braun, U., Marmier, O., 1995: Ultrasonographic examination of the small intestine of cows. Vet. Rec., 136, 239-44.Google Scholar

  • 6. Dirksen, G., 2006: Krankheiten der Verdauungsorganen und der Bauchwand. In Dirksen, G., Grunder, H. D., Stober, M.: Innere Medizin und Chirurgie des Rindes. 5th edn., MVS Medizinverlage Stuttgart, 357-597.Google Scholar

  • 7. Fubini, S., Divers, J. D., 2008: Noninfectious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In Divers, J. D., Peek, S. F. (Eds.): Rebhun’s Diseses of Dairy Cattle. Elsevier Inc, St. Louis, 130-200.Google Scholar

  • 8. Mucha, R., Bhide, M. R., Chakurkar, E. B., Novak, M., Mikula, I. Sr., 2009: Tolle-like receptors TLR1, TLR2 and TLR4 gene mutations and natural resistance to Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infection in cattle. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol., 128, 381-388.Google Scholar

  • 9. Popesko, P., 1992: Splanchnology (In Slovak). In Popesko, P. et al.: Anatómia Hospodárskych Zvierat (Anatomy of Farm Animals), Príroda, Bratislava, 239-379.Google Scholar

  • 10. Tharwat, M., Al-Sobayil, F., Hashad, M., Buczinski, S., 2012: Transabdominal ultrasonographic findings in goats with paratuberculosis. Can. Vet. J., 53, 1063-1070.Google Scholar

About the article

Received: 2015-11-19

Published Online: 2016-04-20

Published in Print: 2016-03-01

Citation Information: Folia Veterinaria, Volume 60, Issue 1, Pages 34–40, ISSN (Online) 2453-7837, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/fv-2016-0005.

Export Citation

© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in