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Dorsal Branches of Abdominal Aorta in the Rabbit and the European Hare

S. Flešárová
  • Corresponding author
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenského 73, 041 81 Košice The Slovak Republic
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ D. Maženský
  • Department of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology University of Veterinary Medicine and Pharmacy, Komenského 73, 041 81 Košice The Slovak Republic
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2016-07-06 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/fv-2016-0014


The aim of this study was to describe the anatomical arrangement of the branches arising from the dorsal surface of the aorta abdominalis in the rabbit and the hare. The study was carried out on ten adult rabbits and ten adult European hares using the corrosion technique. After the euthanasia, the vascular network was perfused with saline. After polymerization of the casting medium, the maceration was carried out in a KOH solution. We found different variations in; the number of arteries, level of their origin and arrangement. The aa. lumbales of the same level arose by means of a common trunk or their origin was independent. The aa. lumbales VI or aa. lumbales VI et VII originated also from the a. sacralis mediana. By aa. lumbales we found an important interspecies difference in; number, diameter, ramification and density of dorsal branches, which are designated for the dorsal muscles of the body stem. All listed parameters of branches were higher in the hare. This anatomical arrangement of dorsal branches is adapted to the higher movement activity of the hare. According to our results, it can be concluded that the anatomical arrangement of the branches of the aorta abdominalis shows a higher number of variations in the domesticated rabbit in comparison with the hare.

Keywords: abdominal aorta; a. sacralis mediana; aa. lumbales; hare; rabbit


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About the article

Received: 2016-04-21

Published Online: 2016-07-06

Published in Print: 2016-06-01

Citation Information: Folia Veterinaria, Volume 60, Issue 2, Pages 24–28, ISSN (Online) 2453-7837, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/fv-2016-0014.

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© 2016. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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