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Gender Studies

The Journal of West University, Timisoara, Interdisciplinary Centre for Gender Studies

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Conscious Inclusion of Women Musicians

Joan Cartwright
  • Women in Jazz South Florida, Inc. 2801 S. Oakland Forest Drive, Suite 103 Oakland Park, FL 33309 USA
  • :
Published Online: 2012-12-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10320-012-0021-x


This paper discusses the vast divide between performance opportunities and income earned by male and female musicians. Although female singers are quite visible on the world’s stages, few female instrumentalists are employed on a regular basis and even fewer women composers have their music commissioned for programs or films funded by private and public monies. Several proficient female jazz musicians are identified, and how and why women are omitted from performance is discussed. The need for everyone-producers, promoters, funders, and bandleaders-to consciously choose to include women musicians in programming, especially where public funding is involved, is emphasized.

Keywords : musicians; women; men; composer; performance; inequity; inclusion; jazz; classical

  • Jeffri, Joan. Changing the Beat: A Study of the Worklife of Jazz Musicians. Volume II: American Federation of Musicians: Survey Results. NEA Research Division Report #43, 2003.

  • Phelps, Amy L. Beyond Auditions: Gender Discrimination in America’s Top Orchestras. Dissertation. University of Iowa, 2010.

  • WIMUST. Women in Music Uniting Strategies for Talent. Fondazione Adkins Chiti: Donne in Music. Web. 24 July 2012. <www.donneinmusica.org/wordpress/wimust/pdf/e-bookwimust/e-book-WIMUST-2012.pdf>.

Published Online: 2012-12-28

Published in Print: 2012-12-01

Citation Information: Gender Studies. Volume 11, Issue Supplement, Pages 235–242, ISSN (Online) 2286-0134, ISSN (Print) 1583-980X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10320-012-0021-x, December 2012

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