Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Geosciences

formerly Central European Journal of Geosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Jankowski, Piotr

IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 0.788
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.899

CiteScore 2018: 1.02

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.295
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.612

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Pleistocene trace fossils in the Ironshore Formation, Little Cayman, British West Indies

Robert Metz
Published Online: 2011-03-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-011-0009-3


Oosparite grainstones of the Pleistocene Ironshore Formation, Little Cayman, British West Indies, contain the trace fossils Conichnus conicus, Ophiomorpha nodosa, and Planolites beverleyensis. The dominance of vertically-oriented trace fossils, complexity of cross-stratifications, coarseness of the sediment channel fill, and presence of several rudstone layers suggest deposition close to the seaward portion of lagoonal channels where higher energy conditions prevailed.

Keywords: trace fossils; Ironshore Formation; Pleistocene; Little Cayman; carbonates

  • [1] Ekdale A.A., Bromley R.G., Pemberton S.G., Ichnology. The use of trace fossils in sedimentology and stratigraphy. Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Tulsa, 1984 Google Scholar

  • [2] Pemberton S.G., Jones B., Ichnology of the Pleistocene Ironshore Formation, Grand Cayman Island, British West Indies. J. Paleontol., 1988, 62, 495–505 Google Scholar

  • [3] Curran H.A., 1992. Trace fossils in Quaternary, Bahamian-style carbonate environments: the modern to fossil transition. In: Maples C.G., West R.R. (Eds.), Trace Fossils. The Paleontological Society, Knoxville, 1992, 105–120 Google Scholar

  • [4] Pickerill R.K., Trace fossils in a lower Paleozoic submarine canyon sequence-the Siegas Formation of northwestern New Brunswick, Canada. Mar. Sed. Atlantic Geol., 1981, 17, 37–58 Google Scholar

  • [5] Archer A.W., Preservational control of trace-fossil assemblages: Middle Mississippian carbonates of south-central Indiana. J. Paleontol., 1984, 58, 285–297 Google Scholar

  • [6] Narbonne G.M., Trace fossils in Upper Silurian tidal flat to basin slope carbonates of Arctic Canada. J. Paleontol., 1984, 58, 398–415 Google Scholar

  • [7] Pickerill R.K., Fillion D., Harland T.L., Middle Ordovician trace fossils in carbonates of the Trenton Group between Montreal and Quebec City, St. Lawrence Lowland, eastern Canada. J. Paleontol., 1984, 58, 416–439 Google Scholar

  • [8] Perkins R.D., Part II. Depositional framework of Pleistocene rocks in south Florida. In: Enos P., Perkins R.D. (Eds.), Quaternary Sedimentation in South Florida. Geological Society of America, Boulder, 1977, 131–198 Google Scholar

  • [9] Curran H.A., Ichnology of Pleistocene carbonates on San Salvador, Bahamas. J. Paleontol., 1984, 58, 312–321 Google Scholar

  • [10] Curran H.A., White B., Trace fossils of shallow subtidal to dunal ichnofacies in Bahamian Quaternary carbonates. Palaios, 1991, 6, 498–510 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3514987CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] Curran H.A., The palaeobiology of ichnocoenoses in Quaternary, Bahamian-style carbonate environments. In: Donovan S.K. (Ed.), Palaeobiology of Trace Fossils. John Wiley and Sons, Ltd., Chichester, 1994, 83–104 Google Scholar

  • [12] Curran H.A., Ichnofacies, ichnocoenoses, and ichnofabrics of Quaternary shallow-marine to dunal tropical carbonates: a model and implications. In: Miller W. III, (Ed.), Trace Fossils: Concepts, Problems, Prospects. Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, 2007, 232–247 Google Scholar

  • [13] Matley C.A., The geology of the Cayman Islands (British West Indies) and their relation to the Bartlett Trough. Geol. Soc. London, Q. J., 1926, 82, 352–387 http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/GSL.JGS.1926.082.01-04.21CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Brunt M.A., Giglioli M.E.C., Mather J.D., Piper D.J.W., Richards H.G., The Pleistocene rocks of the Cayman Islands. Geol. Mag., 1973, 110, 209–221 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756800036037CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Pleydell S.M., Aspects of diagenesis and ichnology in the Oligocene-Miocene Bluff Formation, Grand Cayman Island, British West Indies. MS thesis, University of Alberta, Edmonton, 1987 Google Scholar

  • [16] Jones B., Geology of the Cayman Islands. In: Brundt M.A., Davies J.E. (Eds), The Cayman Islands: Natural History and Biogeography. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 1994, 13–49 Google Scholar

  • [17] Vézina J., Jones B., Ford, D., Sea-level highs over the last 500,000 years: Evidence from the Ironshore Formation on Grand Cayman, British West Indies. J. Sediment. Res. B, 1999, 69, 317–327 Google Scholar

  • [18] Stoddart D.R., Geology and geomorphology of Little Cayman. Atoll Res. Bull., 1980, 241, 11–16 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [19] Coyne, M.K., Jones, B., Ford, D., Highstands during Marine Isotope Stage 5: evidence from the Ironshore Formation of Grand Cayman, British West Indies. Quat. Sci. Rev., 2007, 26, 536–559 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2006.06.013CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • [20] Woodroffe C.D., Stoddart D.R., Harmon R.S., Spencer T., Coastal morphology and late Quaternary history, Cayman Islands, West Indies. Quaternary Res., 1983, 19, 64–84 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0033-5894(83)90028-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [21] Jones B., Hunter I.G., Pleistocene paleogeography and sea levels on the Cayman Islands, British West Indies. Coral Reefs, 1990, 9, 81–91 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00368803CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Shinn E.A., Burrowing in Recent lime sediments of Florida and the Bahamas. J. Paleontol., 1968, 42, 879–894 Google Scholar

  • [23] Frey R.W., Howard J.D., Conichnus and Schaubcylindrichnus: redefined trace fossils from the Upper Cretaceous of the Western Interior. J. Paleontol., 1981, 55, 800–804 Google Scholar

  • [24] MacEachern J.A., Pemberton S.G., Ichnological aspects of Cretaceous shoreline successions and shoreface variability in the Western Interior Seaway of North America. In: Pemberton S.G. (Ed.), Application of Ichnology to Petroleum Exploration. Soc. Econ. Pa., 1992, 17, 57–84 Google Scholar

  • [25] Frey R.W., Howard J.D., Pryor W.A., Ophiomorpha: its morphologic, taxonomic, and environmental significance. Palaeogeogr. Palaeocl., 1978, 23, 199–229 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0031-0182(78)90094-9CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26] Savda C.E., Locklair R.E., Hall J.K., Sadler M.T., Smith M.W., Warren J.D., Ichnofabrics, ichnocoenoses, and ichnofacies implications of an Upper Cretaceous tidal-inlet sequence (Eutaw Formation, central Alabama). Ichnos, 1998, 6, 53–74 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10420949809386439CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [27] Merrill R.D., Ophiomorpha and other nonmarine trace fossils from the Eocene Ione Formation, California. J. Paleontol., 1984, 58, 542–549 Google Scholar

  • [28] Pemberton S.G., Frey R.W., Trace fossil nomenclature and the Planolites-Palaeophycus dilemma. J. Paleontol., 1982, 56, 843–881 Google Scholar

  • [29] Moghadam H.V., Paul C.R.C., Trace fossils of the Jurassic, Blue Lias, Lyme Regis, southern England. Ichnos, 2000, 7, 283–306 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10420940009380167CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [30] Keighley D.G., Pickerill R.K., Systematic ichnology of the Mabou and Cumberland groups (Carboniferous) of western Cape Breton Island, eastern Canada, 1: burrows, pits, trails, and coprolites. Atlantic Geol., 1997, 33, 181–215 Google Scholar

  • [31] Frey R.W., Mayou T.V., Decapod burrows in Holocene barrier island beaches and washover fans, Georgia. Senck. Marit., 1971, 3, 53–77 Google Scholar

  • [32] Jones B., Pemberton S.G., Sedimentology and ichnology of a Pleistocene unconformity-bounded, shallowing-upward carbonate sequence: the Ironshore Formation, Salt Creek, Grand Cayman. Palaios, 1989, 4, 343–355 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/3514558CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2011-03-27

Published in Print: 2011-03-01

Citation Information: Open Geosciences, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 71–76, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-011-0009-3.

Export Citation

© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in