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Vegetation history reconstructed from anthracology and pollen analysis at the rescue excavation of the MO Motorway, Hungary

Katalin Náfrádi / Elvira Bodor / Tünde Törőcsik / Pál Sümegi
Published Online: 2011-12-14 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-011-0036-0


The significance of geoarchaeological investigations is indisputable in reconstructing the former environment and in studying the relationship between humans and their surroundings. Several disciplines have developed during the last few decades to give insight into earlier time periods and their climatic conditions (e.g. palynology, malacology, archaeobotany, phytology and animal osteology). Charcoal and pollen analytical studies from the rescue excavation of the MO motorway provide information about the vegetation changes of the past. These methods are used to reconstruct the environment of the former settlements and to detect the human impact and natural climatic changes. The sites examined span the periods of the Late-Copper Age, Late-Bronze Age, Middle-Iron Age, Late-Iron Age, Sarmatian period, Late Sarmatian period, Migration period, Late-Migration period and Middle Ages. The vegetation before the Copper Age is based only on pollen analytical data. Anthracological results show the overall dominance of Quercus and a great number of Ulmus, Fraxinus, Acer, Fagus, Alnus and Populus/Salix tree fossils, as well as the residues of fruit trees present in the charred wood assemblage.

Keywords: charcoal analysis; palynology; geoarchaeology; MO motorway; Hungary

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About the article

Published Online: 2011-12-14

Published in Print: 2011-12-01

Citation Information: Open Geosciences, Volume 3, Issue 4, Pages 358–367, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-011-0036-0.

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© 2011 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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