Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Geosciences

formerly Central European Journal of Geosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Jankowski, Piotr

1 Issue per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.696
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.736

CiteScore 2017: 0.89

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.323
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.674

Open Access
Online
ISSN
2391-5447
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Bulk rock composition and geochemistry of olivine-hosted melt inclusions in the Grey Porri Tuff and selected lavas of the Monte dei Porri volcano, Salina, Aeolian Islands, southern Italy

Angela Doherty
  • Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti e dell’Ambiente “Prof. G. Stagno d’Alcontres” — Sezione Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Messina, Messina, 98122, Italy
  • Fluids Research Laboratory, Department of Geosciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA, 24060, USA
  • Dipartimento di Scienza della Terra, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II, Napoli, 80134, Italy
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Robert Bodnar / Benedetto Vivo / Wendy Bohrson / Harvey Belkin / Antonia Messina
  • Dipartimento di Scienze degli Alimenti e dell’Ambiente “Prof. G. Stagno d’Alcontres” — Sezione Scienze della Terra, Università degli Studi di Messina, Messina, 98122, Italy
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Robert Tracy
Published Online: 2012-05-13 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-011-0066-7

Abstract

The Aeolian Islands are an arcuate chain of submarine seamounts and volcanic islands, lying just north of Sicily in southern Italy. The second largest of the islands, Salina, exhibits a wide range of compositional variation in its erupted products, from basaltic lavas to rhyolitic pumice. The Monte dei Porri eruptions occurred between 60 ka and 30 ka, following a period of approximately 60,000 years of repose. The bulk rock composition of the Monte dei Porri products range from basaltic-andesite scoria to andesitic pumice in the Grey Porri Tuff (GPT), with the Monte dei Porri lavas having basaltic-andesite compositions. The typical mineral assemblage of the GPT is calcic plagioclase, clinopyroxene (augite), olivine (Fo72−84) and orthopyroxene (enstatite) ± amphibole and Ti-Fe oxides. The lava units show a similar mineral assemblage, but contain lower Fo olivines (Fo57−78). The lava units also contain numerous glomerocrysts, including an unusual variety that contains quartz, K-feldspar and mica. Melt inclusions (MI) are ubiquitous in all mineral phases from all units of the Monte dei Porri eruptions; however, only data from olivine-hosted MI in the GPT are reported here. Compositions of MI in the GPT are typically basaltic (average SiO2 of 49.8 wt %) in the pumices and basaltic-andesite (average SiO2 of 55.6 wt %) in the scoriae and show a bimodal distribution in most compositional discrimination plots. The compositions of most of the MI in the scoriae overlap with bulk rock compositions of the lavas. Petrological and geochemical evidence suggest that mixing of one or more magmas and/or crustal assimilation played a role in the evolution of the Monte dei Porri magmatic system, especially the GPT. Analyses of the more evolved mineral phases are required to better constrain the evolution of the magma.

Keywords: Salina; Aeolian Islands; melt inclusions; magmatic evolution

  • [1] Roedder E., Origin and significance of magmatic inclusions. Bull. Mineral., 1979, 102, 487–510 Google Scholar

  • [2] Danyushevsky L.V., Sokolov S., Falloon T.J., Melt inclusions in olivine phenocrysts; using diffusive reequilibration to determine the cooling history of a crystal, with implications for the origin of olivinephyric volcanic rocks. J. Petrol., 2002, 43, 1651–1671 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/43.9.1651CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [3] De Vivo B., Bodnar R.J., Melt inclusions in volcanic systems: methods, applications, and problems. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2002 Google Scholar

  • [4] Frezzotti M.L., Silicate-melt inclusions in magmatic rocks; applications to petrology. Lithos, 2001, 55, 273–299 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0024-4937(00)00048-7CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Frezzotti M.L., Peccerillo A., Bonelli R., Magma ascent rates and depths of crustal magma reservoirs beneath the Aeolian volcanic Arc (Italy): Inferences from fluid and melt inclusions in xenoliths. In: De Vivo B., Bodnar R.J.(Eds.), Developments in Volcanology. Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2003, 185–205 Google Scholar

  • [6] Kamenetsky V., Clocchiatti R., Primitive magmatism of Mt. Etna; insights from mineralogy and melt inclusions. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 1996, 142, 553–572 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(96)00115-XCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [7] Kent A.J.R., Melt Inclusions in basaltic and related volcanic rocks. Rev. Mineral. Geochem., 2008, 69, 273–331 http://dx.doi.org/10.2138/rmg.2008.69.8CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [8] Schiano P., Primitive mantle magmas recorded as silicate melt inclusions in igneous minerals. Earth-Sci. Rev., 2003, 63, 121–144 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-8252(03)00034-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [9] Sobolev A.V., Shimizu N., Ultra-depleted primary melt included in an olivine from the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Nature, 1993, 363, 151–154 http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/363151a0CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [10] Zanon V., Nikogosian I., Evidence of crustal melting events below the island of Salina (Aeolian arc, southern Italy). Geol. Mag., 2004, 141, 525–540 http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0016756804009124CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [11] Jerram D.A., Martin V.M., Understanding crystal populations and their significance through the magma plumbing system. Geol. Soc. Lond. Mem., 2008, 304, 133–148 Google Scholar

  • [12] Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) — UNESCO World Heritage Centre http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/908 Google Scholar

  • [13] Davi M., Rosa R., Holtz F., Mafic enclaves in the rhyolitic products of Lipari historical eruptions; relationships with the coeval Vulcano magmas (Aeolian Islands, Italy). Bull. Volcanol., 2010, 72, 991–1008 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00445-010-0376-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [14] Di Martino C., Frezzotti M.-L., Lucchi F., Peccerillo A., Tranne C., Diamond L., Magma storage and ascent at Lipari Island (Aeolian archipelago, Southern Italy) at 223-81 ka: the role of crustal processes and tectonic influence. Bull. Volcanol., 2010, 72, 1061–1076 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00445-010-0383-6CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [15] Gioncada A., Clocchiatti R., Sbrana A., Bottazzi P., Massare D., Ottolini L., A study of melt inclusions at Vulcano (Aeolian Island, Italy); insights on the primitive magmas and on the volcanic feeding system. Bull. Volcanol., 1998, 60, 286–306 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004450050233CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [16] Metrich N., Bertagnini A., Di Muro A., Conditions of magma storage, degassing and ascent at Stromboli: new insights into the volcano plumbing system with inferences on the eruptive dynamics. J. Petrol., 2010, 51, 603–626 http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/petrology/egp083CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [17] Schiano P., Clocchiatti R., Ottolini L., Sbrana A., The relationship between potassic, calc-alkaline and Naalkaline magmatism in South Italy volcanoes: A melt inclusion approach. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 2004, 220, 121–137 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(04)00048-2CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [18] Vannucci, R., Kobayashi, K., Nakamura, E., Tiepolo, M., Schiavi, F., Bertagnini, A., Metrich, N., Recent Stromboli (Italy): Insights into magma sources and processes from melt inclusions. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 2006, 70,Supplement A667 Google Scholar

  • [19] Ellam R.M., Menzies M.A., Hawkesworth C.J., Leeman W.P., Rosi M., Serri G., The transition from calcalkaline to potassic orogenic magmatism in the Aeolian Islands, southern Italy. Bull. Volcanol., 1988, 50, 386–398 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01050638CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [20] Gillot P.Y., Histoire volcanique des Iles Eoliennes: arc insulaire ou complexe orogenique anulaire? [Volcanic history of the Aeolian Islands: island arc or orogenic complex?] Doc. Trav. IGAL, 1987, 11 35–42 (in French) Google Scholar

  • [21] Honnorez, J., Keller J., Xenolithe in vulkanischen Gesteinen der Aeolischen Inseln (Sizilien) [Xenoliths in volcanic rocks of the Aeolian islands (Sicily)], Sicily. Geol. Rundsch., 1968, 57, 719–736 (in German) http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01845359CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [22] Keller J., Petrology of some volcanic rock series of the Aeolian arc, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea: Calcalkaline and shoshonitic associations. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 1974, 46, 29–47 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00377991CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [23] Peccerillo A., The Aeolian arc. In: Peccerillo, A. (Ed.), Plio-Quaternary volcanism in Italy. Springer, Heidelberg, 2005, 173–214 Google Scholar

  • [24] Barca D., Ventura G., Evoluzione vulcano-tettonica dell’isola di Salina (Arcipelago delle Eolie). [Volcano-tectonic evolution of Salina island, Aeolian Archipelago]. Mem. Soc. Geol. Ital., 1991, 47 401–415 (in Italian) Google Scholar

  • [25] Gertisser R., Keller J., From basalt to dacite: origin and evolution of the calc-alkaline series of Salina, Aeolian Arc, Italy. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 2000, 139, 607–626 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004100000159CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [26] Keller J., The Island of Salina. Rend. Soc. Ital. Min. Pet., 1980, 31, 489–524 Google Scholar

  • [27] Calanchi N., Rosa R., Mazzuoli R., Rossi P., Santacroce R., Ventura G., Silicic magma entering a basaltic magma chamber: eruptive dynamics and magma mixing — an example from Salina (Aeolian islands, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea). Bull. Volcanol., 1993, 55, 504–522 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00304593CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [28] De Rosa R., Donato P., Ventura G., Fractal analysis of mingled/mixed magmas: an example from the Upper Pollara eruption (Salina Island, southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy). Lithos, 2002, 65, 299–311 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0024-4937(02)00197-4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [29] Donato P., Behrens H., De Rosa R., Holtz F., Parat F., Crystallization conditions in the Upper Pollara magma chamber, Salina Island, Southern Tyrrhenian Sea. Mineral. Petrol., 2006, 86, 89–108 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00710-005-0105-5CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [30] Sulpizio R., De Rosa R., Donato P., The influence of variable topography on the depositional behaviour of pyroclastic density currents: The examples of the Upper Pollara eruption (Salina Island, southern Italy). J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 2008, 175, 367–385 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.03.018CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [31] Peccerillo A., Wu T.W., Evolution of calc-alkaline magmas in continental arc volcanoes; evidence from Alicudi, Aeolian Arc (southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy). J. Petrol., 1992, 33, 1295–1315 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [32] Renzulli A., Serri G., Santi P., Mattioli M., Holm P.M., Origin of high-silica liquids at Stromboli Volcano (Aeolian Island, Italy) inferred from crustal xenoliths. Bull. Volcanol., 2001, 62, 400–419 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004450000108CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [33] Zanon V., Frezzotti M.L., Peccerillo, A., Magmatic feeding system and crustal magma accumulation beneath Vulcano Island (Italy): Evidence from (CO2) fluid inclusions in quartz xenoliths. J. Geophys. Res., 2003, 108, 2298–2311 http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2002JB002140CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [34] Bonardi G., Caggianelli A., Critelli S., Messina A., Perrone V., Acquafredda P., Carbone G., Careri G., Cirrincione R., D’Errico M., Dominici R., Festa V., Iannace A., Macaione E., Mazzoli S., Notaro P., Parente M., Perri E., Piluso E., Somma R., Sonnino M., Vitale S., Geotraverse across the Calabria-Peloritani Terrane (southern Italy): Field Trip guide book P66. 32nd International Geological Congress IUGS, Florence, 2004 Google Scholar

  • [35] Carbone S., Messina A., Lentini F., Macaione E., Note Illustrative degli Fogli “587 — Milazzo” e “600 — Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto” alla scala 1:50.000. [Illustrative notes of foglios “587 — Milazzo” and “600 — Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto” at the scale 1:50,000]. Servizio Geologico d’Italia APAT/ISPRA-Regione Siciliana. S.EL.CA., Florence (in Italian) Google Scholar

  • [36] Carbone S., Messina A., Lentini F., Note Illustrative del Foglio 601 Messina-Reggio di Calabria alla scala 1:50.000 [Illustrative notes of Foglio 601 — Messina-Reggio di Calabria” at the scale 1:50,000]. Servizio Geologico d’Italia APAT/ISPRA-Regione Siciliana. S.EL.CA., Florence (in Italian) Google Scholar

  • [37] Servizio Geologico d’Italia, Foglio “601-Messina-Reggio di Calabria” of the Geological Map of Italy. Scale 1:50.000. APAT-Regione Siciliana; S.EL.CA., Florence. 2008 (in Italian) Google Scholar

  • [38] Servizio Geologico d’Italia, Foglios “587-Milazzo” and “600-Barcellona Pozzo di Gotto” of the Geological Map of Italy. Scale 1:50.000. APAT/ISPRARegione Siciliana. S.EL.CA., Florence, 2011 (in Italian) Google Scholar

  • [39] Iannace A., Vitale S., D’Errico M., Mazzoli S., Di Staso A., Macaione E., Messina A., Reddy S.M., Somma R., Zamparelli V., Zattin M., Bonardi G., The carbonate tectonic units of northern Calabria (Italy): a record of Apulian palaeomargin evolution and Miocene convergence, continental crust subduction, and exhumation of HP LT rocks. J. Geol. Soc., 2007, 164, 1165–1186 http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/0016-76492007-017CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [40] Martin-Algarra A., Messina A., Perrone V., Russo R., Maate A., Martin-Martin M., A lost realm in the international domains of the Betic-Rif Orogen (Spain and Morocco); evidence from conglomerates and consequences for Alpine geodynamic evolution. J. Geol., 2000, 108, 447–467 http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/314410CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [41] Perrone V., Di Staso A., Perrotta S., The evolution of the western margin and contiguous oceanic area; new problems and working hypotheses. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 2008, 127, 357–373 Google Scholar

  • [42] Perrone V., Martin-Algarra A., Critelli S., Decandia F.A., D’Errico M., Estevez A., Iannace A., Lazzarotto A., Martin-Martin M., Martin-Rojas I., Mazzoli M., Messina A., Mongelli, G., Vitale, S., “Verrucano” and “Pseudoverrucano” in the central-western Mediterranean Alpine chains; palaeogeographical evolution and geodynamic significance. Geol. Soc. Spec. Pub., 2006, 1–43 Google Scholar

  • [43] Beccaluva L., Gabbianelli G., Lucchini F., Rossi P.L., Savelli C., Petrology and K/Ar ages of volcanics dredged from the Eolian seamounts: implications for geodynamic evolution of the southern Tyrrhenian basin. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., 1985, 74, 187–208 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(85)90021-4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [44] Anderson H. Jackson J., The deep seismicity of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Geophys. J. Roy. Astron. Soc., 1987, 91, 613–637 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.1987.tb01661.xCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [45] Falsaperla S., Gurrieri L., Lombardo G., Relationship between micro-shocks recorded on the Island of Vulcano (Italy) and meteorological parameters. Pure Appl. Geophys., 1998, 152, 315–328 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s000240050156CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [46] De Astis G., Peccerillo A., Kempton P.D., La Volpe L., Wu T.W., Transition from calc-alkaline to potassiumrich magmatism in subduction environments: geochemical and Sr, Nd, Pb isotopic constraints from the island of Vulcano (Aeolian arc). Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 2000, 139, 684–703 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s004100000172CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [47] Ellam R.M., Hawkesworth C.J., Menzies M.A., Rogers N.W., The volcanism of southern Italy: role of subduction and the relationship between potassic and sodic alkaline magmatism. J. Geophys. Res., 1989, 94, 4589–4601 http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/JB094iB04p04589CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [48] Gasparini C., Iannaccone G., Scandone P., Scarpa R., Seismotectonics of the Calabrian Arc. Tectonophysics, 1982, 84, 267–286 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(82)90163-9CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [49] Beccaluva L., Rossi P.L., Serri G., Neogene to recent volcanism of the southern Tyrrhenian-Sicilian area; implications for the geodynamic evolution of the Calabrian Arc. Earth Evol. Sc., 1983, 2, 222–238 Google Scholar

  • [50] Peccerillo, A., Plio-Quaternary volcanism in Italy. Springer, Heidelberg, 2005 Google Scholar

  • [51] Lucchi F., Tranne C.A., De Astis G., Keller J., Losito R., Morche W., Stratigraphy and significance of Brown Tuffs on the Aeolian Islands (southern Italy). J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., 2008, 177, 49–70 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2007.11.006CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [52] Thomas J.B., Bodnar R.J., A technique for mounting and polishing melt inclusions in small (>1 mm) crystals. Am. Mineral., 2002, 87, 1505–1508 Google Scholar

  • [53] Nelson S.T., Montana A., Sieve-textured plagioclase in volcanic rocks produced by rapid decompression. The American mineralogist, 1992, 77, 1242–1249 Google Scholar

  • [54] Doherty A., De Vivo B., Bodnar R., Belkin H., Messina A., Magmatic processes during the formation of Monte dei Porri Volcano, Island of Salina, Aeolian Islands, Italy. Mineral. Mag., 2011, 75, 770 Google Scholar

  • [55] Danyushevsky L.V., Plechov P., Petrolog3: Integrated software for modeling crystallization processes. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 2011, 12, Q07021 http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2011GC003516CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [56] Ford C.E., Russell D.G., Craven J.A., Fisk M.R., Olivine-liquid equilibria; temperature, pressure and composition dependence of the crystal/liquid cation partition coefficients for Mg, Fe (super 2), Ca and Mn. J. Petrol., 1983, 24, 256–265 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [57] Borisov A.A., Shapkin A.I., A new empirical equation rating Fe (super 3 ) /Fe (super) in magmas to their composition, oxygen fugacity, and temperature. Geochem. Int., 1990, 27, 111–116 Google Scholar

  • [58] Pearce J.A., Peate D.W., Tectonic implications of the composition of volcanic arc magmas. Annu. Rev. Earth Pl. Sc., 1995, 23, 251–285 http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ea.23.050195.001343CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [59] Peccerillo, A., Taylor, S.R. Geochemistry of Eocene calc-alkaline volcanic rocks from the Kastamonu area, northern Turkey. Contrib. Mineral. Petrol., 1976, 58(1), 63–81 http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00384745CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [60] Sun S.-S., McDonough, W.F., Chemical and isotopic systematics of oceanic basalts: implications for mantle composition and processes. In: A.D. Saunders and M.J. Norry (Eds.), Magmatism in the Ocean Basins. Geological Society Special Publication. 1989, 313–345 CrossrefGoogle Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-05-13

Published in Print: 2012-06-01


Citation Information: Open Geosciences, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 338–355, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-011-0066-7.

Export Citation

© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in