Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Open Geosciences

formerly Central European Journal of Geosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Jankowski, Piotr

IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 0.696
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 0.736

CiteScore 2017: 0.89

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.323
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.674

Open Access
See all formats and pricing
More options …

Life at the interface of two distinct landscapes-relationship of humans and environment in the periphery of the Danube-Tisza Interfluve between Hajós and Császártöltés

István Knipl / Pál Sümegi
  • Department of Geology and Palaeontology, University of Szeged, 6722, Szeged, Hungary
  • Hungarian Academy of Science, Archaeological Institute, 1014, Budapest, Hungary
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-08-21 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-011-0071-x


Recent archeological and geoarcheological investigations have corroborated the notion of close interaction between man and environment in our study area during historical times. The riparian Sárköz, forming an interface between two major geographical regions of Transdanubia and the Great Hungarian Plains, has been continuously inhabited for the past 8000 years. Settlements were generally confined to areas above 90.5–91m ASL, with the exception of a few drier periods. This elevation can therefore be regarded as the margin of human settlement. The lower-lying areas correspond to the actual floodplain inundated for the major part of the year from which lag-surfaces stand out as island-like natural highs hosting the settlements themselves. The endowments and settlement pattern persisted from the Neolithic onwards until the terminal Modern Age, when measures aimed to ordain the area substantially altered the natural landscape.

Keywords: environmental history; Sárköz (Great Hungarian Plain); Chopper Age; Bronze Age; Migration Age; Middle Age

  • [1] Miháltz I., A Duna-Tisza köze déli részének földtani felvétele. [Geological mapping project of the southern part of the Danube — Tisza Interfluve] Az Állami Földtani Intézet 1950. évi jelentése [Report of Hungarian Geological Institute from 1950], 1953, 113–144 Google Scholar

  • [2] Molnár B., A Duna-Tisza köz felso-pliocén (levantei) és pleisztocén földtani fejlodéstörténete. [The Upper Pliocene (Levantien) and Pleistocene geological evolution of the Danube — Tisza Interfluve.] Földtani Közlöny, 1977, 107, 1–16 Google Scholar

  • [3] Fényes J., A Duna-Tisza közi tozeges tavak fejlodéstörténete Mollusca-fauna vizsgálatok alapján. [The evolution of the lakes within peat in the Danube — Tisza Interfluve based on mollusc fauna.] Alföldi Tanulmányok, 1983, 8, 7–30 Google Scholar

  • [4] Jakab G., Sümegi P., Magyari E., New Quantative Method for the Paleobotanical Description of Late Quaternary Organic Sediments (Mire-Development Pathway and Paleoclimatic Records from Southern Hungary). Acta Geologica Hungarica, 2004, 47, 373–409. http://dx.doi.org/10.1556/AGeol.47.2004.4.4CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • [5] Sándor R., Sümegi P., New preliminary data for evolution of the Holocene Hungarian Mollusc fauna. Malakológiai Tájékoztató, 2009, 27, 9–12 Google Scholar

  • [6] Biczó P., A keceli határ régészeti emlékei. [The archaeological memories in the border of Kecel] In: Bárth J. (Ed.), Kecel története és néprajza. [History and ethnography of Kecel] 1984, 19–62 Google Scholar

  • [7] Knipl I., Császártöltés régészeti topográfiája. [Archaeological topography of Császártöltés] Cumania, 2004, 20, 173–204 Google Scholar

  • [8] Tóth K., Homokmégy településtörténete a neolitikumtól a bronzkor végéig. [Settlement story of Homomégy from the Neolithic until the end of the Bronze Age] In: Romsics I. (Ed.), Tanulmányok Homokmégy történetébol és néprajzából. [History and ethnographical studies from Homokmégy], 1998, 59–71 Google Scholar

  • [9] Knipl I., Újabb leletek a császártöltési határban. [New archeological finds from Császártöltés region] In: Bende L., Lorinczy G., Medinától Etéig. [From Medina to Ete] 2009, Szentes Google Scholar

  • [10] Székely Gy., Rézkori temeto a petrezselyemföldön. [Copper Age cemetery in a parsley field] Múzeumor, 2010, 8, 15–17 Google Scholar

  • [11] Gallina Zs., Homokmégy régészeti emlékei a késo vaskortól a középkor végéig. [Archaeological memories of Homokmégy from the late Iron Age until the end of the Middle Ages] In: Romsics I. (Ed.), Tanulmányok Homokmégy történetébol és néprajzából. [History and ethnography studies from Homokmégy] 1998, 73–103 Google Scholar

  • [12] Wicker E., Knipl I., Középkori falvak a császártöltési határban. [Medieval villages in the border of Császártöltés] Cumania, 2005, 21, 95–136 Google Scholar

About the article

Published Online: 2012-08-21

Published in Print: 2012-09-01

Citation Information: Open Geosciences, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 439–447, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-011-0071-x.

Export Citation

© 2012 Versita Warsaw. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in