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Active fault segmentation and seismic hazard in Hoa-Binh reservoir, Vietnam

Phan Trinh / Hoang Vinh / Nguyen Huong / Ngo Liem
Published Online: 2013-06-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-012-0128-5


Based on remote sensing, geological data, geomorphologic analysis, and field observations, we determine the fault system which is a potential source of earthquakes in Hoa-Binh reservoir. It is the sub-meridian fault system composed of fault segments located in the central part of the eastern and western flanks of the Quaternary Hoa-Binh Graben: the Hoa-Binh 1 fault is east-dipping (75–80°), N-S trending, 4 km long, situated in the west of the Hoa-Binh Graben, and the Hoa-Binh 2 is a west-dipping (75–80°), N-S trending; 8.4 km long fault, situated in the east of the Hoa-Binh Graben. The slip rate of normal fault in Hoa-Binh hydropower dam was estimated at 0.3–1.1 mm/yr. The Maximum Credible Earthquake (MCE) and Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) in the Hoa-Binh hydropower dam have been assessed. The estimated MCE of HB.1 and HB.2 is 5.6 and 6.1 respectively, and the maximum PGA at Hoa-Binh dam is 0.30 g and 0.40 g, respectively. The assessment of seismic hazard in Hoa-Binh reservoir is a typical example of seismic hazards of a large dam constructed in an area of low seismicity and lack of law of seismic attenuation.

Keywords: fault segment; normal fault; state of stress; maximum credible earthquake; peak ground acceleration; seismic moment

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About the article

Published Online: 2013-06-29

Published in Print: 2013-06-01

Citation Information: Open Geosciences, Volume 5, Issue 2, Pages 223–235, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/s13533-012-0128-5.

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