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formerly Central European Journal of Geosciences

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Observing the past to better understand the future: a synthesis of the Neogene climate in Europe and its perspectives on present climate change

Gonçalo A. Prista
  • Centro de Geologia da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Edifício C6, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
/ Rui J. Agostinho
  • Centro de Astronomia e Astrofísica da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Edifício C8, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
/ Mário A. Cachão
  • Centro de Geologia da Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, Edifício C6, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
Published Online: 2015-02-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0007

Abstract

A review of the entire Neogene climate in Europe is a useful tool for climate researchers, synthesizing present day knowledge on a variety of past warmer climate modes thus facilitating the debate regarding possible future climate scenarios in the Old Continent. This work centres on the European scenario, debating possible future projections and describing the Miocene and Pliocene climate in the Old Continent. With present evidences of a global warming scenario, it is highly important that we look at past climatic events in order to better predict future climate changes impact in biodiversity. The review presented here synthesizes the literature regarding climate, faunal and floral evolution for the European Neogene, and aims to help palaeoclimatic researchers and climatologists to characterize some of the boundary conditions for modelling possible analogous of IPPC climate scenarios. If the future climate projections come to be true, it is shown that the Pliocene, and particularly the Mid Piacenzian Warm Period, should be considered as the best analogue for the impact of a warming climate in Europe.

Keywords: Neogene; Climate Change; Climate Events; Europe; Climate Analogue

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Received: 2014-05-05

Accepted: 2014-08-05

Published Online: 2015-02-16


Citation Information: Open Geosciences. Volume 7, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0007, February 2015

©2015 Gonçalo A. Prista et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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