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Regional gold potential mapping in Kelantan (Malaysia) using probabilistic based models and GIS

Suhaimizi Yusoff
  • Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Geospatial Information Science Research Center (GISRC), University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Malaysia; Minerals and Geoscience Department (JMG), 19-22th Floor, Bangunan Tabung Haji, Jalan Tun Razak, 50658, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
/ Biswajeet Pradhan
  • Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Geospatial Information Science Research Center (GISRC), University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Malaysia
/ Mohamad Abd Manap
  • Minerals and Geoscience Department (JMG), 19-22th Floor, Bangunan Tabung Haji, Jalan Tun Razak, 50658, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
/ Helmi Zulhaidi Mohd Shafri
  • Faculty of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Geospatial Information Science Research Center (GISRC), University Putra Malaysia, 43400, Serdang, Malaysia
Published Online: 2015-06-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0012


The aim of this study is to test and compare two probabilistic based models (frequency ratio and weightsof- evidence) with regard to regional gold potential mapping at Kelantan, Malaysia. Until now these models have not been used for the purpose of mapping gold potential areas in Malaysia. This study analyzed the spatial relationship between gold deposits and geological factors such as lithology, faults, geochemical and geophysical data in geographical information system (GIS) software. About eight (8) gold deposits and five (5) related factors are identified and quantified for their spatial relationships. Then, all factors were combined to generate a predictive gold potential map. The predictive maps were then validated by comparing them with known gold deposits using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) and “area under the curve” (AUC) graphs. The results of validation showed accuracies of 80% for the frequency ratio and 74% for the weightsof- evidence model, respectively. The results demonstrated the usefulness of frequency ratio and weights-of-evidence modeling techniques in mineral exploration work to discover unknown gold deposits in Kelantan, Malaysia.

Keywords: Gold potential mapping; Remote sensing; Frequency ratio; Weights-of-evidence; GIS; Kelantan; Malaysia


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About the article

Received: 2014-04-03

Accepted: 2014-06-16

Published Online: 2015-06-11

Citation Information: Open Geosciences, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0012. Export Citation

©2015 Suhaimizi Yusoff et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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