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formerly Central European Journal of Geosciences

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Variability of sulfur speciation in sediments from Sulejów, Turawa and Siemianówka dam reservoirs (Poland)

Wojciech Drzewicki
  • Laboratory of Isotope Geology and Geoecology, Department of Applied Geology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, ul. Cybulskiego 30, 50-205 Wrocław, Poland
/ Monika Ciężka
  • Laboratory of Isotope Geology and Geoecology, Department of Applied Geology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, ul. Cybulskiego 30, 50-205 Wrocław, Poland
/ Piotr Jezierski
  • Laboratory of Isotope Geology and Geoecology, Department of Applied Geology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, ul. Cybulskiego 30, 50-205 Wrocław, Poland
/ Mariusz Orion Jędrysek
  • Laboratory of Isotope Geology and Geoecology, Department of Applied Geology and Geochemistry, Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, ul. Cybulskiego 30, 50-205 Wrocław, Poland
Published Online: 2015-06-29 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0027

Abstract

A study on sulfur circulation in sediments was carried out in dam reservoirs (Sulejów, Siemianówka, Turawa) with different hydrological and age characteristics as well as with a different level of sediment accumulation and organic matter content. Differences in the isotopic composition of SO2−4 in the water column and small variations in the concentration of this ion were observed in the Turawa reservoir. The investigations did not show vertical variation in the watercolumn concentrations and isotopic composition. This is due to the small depths of the reservoir and mixing of water. A part of sulfate sulfur from the water column is reduced by incorporating it into cell structures, while a part of it is deposited in the sediment. The study revealed a small exchange of SO2−4 between thewater column and the sediment. Depending on the season of the year and the sediment sampling site, biogeochemical transformations of sulfur species are observed. A significant variation in the biogeochemical processes was found between the Siemianówka and Sulejów reservoirs, both in the concentrations and in the isotopic composition of particular sulfur species. This primarily results from the different characteristics of either of these reservoirs (flows, sedimentation, and material discharge to the lake). The main source of sulfur supplied to the sediments in the Siemianówka reservoir is organic sulfur contained in organic matter deposited at the bottom. In the sediment, organic sulfur is bacterially oxidized and fixed as SO2−4 . This is manifested in a substantial enrichment of sulfate in 34S. The presence of polysulfides was found in both reservoirs, but a distinct depletion of δ34S(S2−) in the light sulfur isotope was observed in the Siemianówka reservoir. In a part of the Sulejów reservoir, polysulfides are oxidized to SO2−4 ,probably at the sediment/water interface.

Keywords: sulfur biogeochemical cycle; speciation of sulfur; sulfur isotopes; freshwater sediments

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Received: 2014-07-26

Accepted: 2015-01-22

Published Online: 2015-06-29


Citation Information: Open Geosciences. Volume 7, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0027, June 2015

©2015 W. Drzewicki et al.. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. (CC BY-NC-ND 3.0)

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