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Open Geosciences

formerly Central European Journal of Geosciences

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Comparison of hydraulic conductivities by grain-size analysis, pumping, and slug tests in Quaternary gravels, NE Slovenia

Tatjana Pucko / Timotej Verbovšek
  • University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Department of Geology, Aškerceva 12, Ljubljana, Slovenia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-08-27 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0032


Hydraulic conductivities (K) can be obtained from pumping and slug tests as well as grain size analysis. Although empirical methods for such estimations are longstanding, there is still insufficient comparison of K values among the various approaches. Six grain-size analysis methods were tested on coarse-grained alluvial sediments from 12 water wells in NE Slovenia. Values of K from grainsize methods were compared to those of pumping tests and slug tests. Six grain-size methods (USBR, Slichter, Hazen, Beyer, Kozeny-Carman, and Terzaghi) were used for comparison with the Theis and Neuman pumping test method and the Bouwer-Rice method for slug tests. The results show that the USBR (US Bureau of Reclamation) method overestimates K values and there is no correlation with other results, so its use is not advised. Conversely, whilst the Slichter method gives much lower estimates of K, it is the only one to completely fulfill the grain size requirements. Other methods (Hazen, Beyer, Kozeny- Carman, and Terzaghi) result in intermediate values and are similar to the Slichter method; however they should be used for smaller-sized sediments. Due to their high transmissivity and small radius of inffiuence, slug tests should be avoided in the analysis of gravels, as they only test a small portion of the aquifer compared to pumping tests. This is confirmed by the low correlation coefficients between hydraulic conductivities obtained from pumping tests and slug tests.

Keywords: hydraulic conductivity; grain-size analysis; NE Slovenia; alluvial aquifer


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About the article

Received: 2014-08-06

Accepted: 2015-02-11

Published Online: 2015-08-27

Citation Information: Open Geosciences, Volume 7, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0032.

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©2015 T. Pucko and T. Verbovšek. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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