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Open Geosciences

formerly Central European Journal of Geosciences

Editor-in-Chief: Jankowski, Piotr

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2391-5447
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Multi-temporal analysis of an agricultural landscape transformation and abandonment (Lubietová, Central Slovakia)

Matej Masný / Lubica Zaušková
Published Online: 2015-12-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0055

Abstract

Socio-political changes in the countries of Eastern and Central Europe in the era of socialism had significant effects on agricultural landscape. Collectivisation (1950 - 1970) lost almost all of traditional agricultural landscapes. On the other hand, the phenomenon of agricultural abandonment started to be significant after 1989. In the model area (part of The Polana Biosphere Reserve) these two processes that formed the agricultural landscape structure were analysed. The analyses were carried out using orthophotos that represented the landscape structure in 1949, 1986 and 2006. It was found that almost complete extinction of the traditional agricultural landscape represented by a mosaic of narrow fields and permanent grasslands occurred during the period. At the same time, increasing trend of abandonment processes was observed. In 2006, non-forestwoody vegetation covered 48% of agricultural land.Natural reforestation as the final stage of agricultural abandonment extended to 46% on the former agricultural land in 2006. Abandonment processes were the most significant already in the period of socialist agriculture. To describe the changes, landscape metrics such as Number of patches (NP), Mean patch size (MPS), Patch size standard deviation (PSSD) and Mean shape index (MSI) were used.

Keywords: land-use change; traditional agricultural landscape; landscape metrics; agricultural abandonment; UNESCO Biosphere reserve

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About the article

Received: 2015-01-22

Accepted: 2015-04-22

Published Online: 2015-12-16


Citation Information: Open Geosciences, ISSN (Online) 2391-5447, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/geo-2015-0055.

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©2015 M. Masný and L. Zaušková. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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