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Clinopyroxene phenocrysts from the Księginki nephelinite (SW Poland)

Marcin Goleń
  • Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, pl. Maksa Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Jacek Puziewicz
  • Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, pl. Maksa Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland
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/ Magdalena Matusiak-Małek
  • Institute of Geological Sciences, University of Wrocław, pl. Maksa Borna 9, 50-204 Wrocław, Poland
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/ Theodoros Ntaflos
  • Department of Lithospheric Research, University of Vienna, Althanstraße 14, 1090 Wien, Austria
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Published Online: 2016-04-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/georec-2015-0001


The Eocene nephelinite from Księginki quarry (SW Poland) contains five types of clinopyroxene phenocrysts varying by texture and chemical composition. Type I phenocrysts are formed of Mg-rich (mg# = 0.93–0.88) homogenous cores, patchy mantle and zoned rims. Abundant type II is less magnesian (mg# = 0.65–0.88) and consists of spongy or spongy-patchy core surrounded by zoned rims, whilst in type III (mg# = 0.69–0.84), the cores are massive but patchy. The mg# of cores of type IV phenocrysts is slightly lower than that of type I (0.79–0.89), but its cores are either massive or patchy. Type V is very scarce and consist of relatively Mg-poor (mg# = 0.75–0.77) core enveloped by nonpatchy, sometimes zoned mantle and zoned outer rim. Chemical composition of type I and type IV cores suggests that they are xenocrysts introduced into the nephelinite from disintegrated peridotite and clinopyroxenitic xenoliths, respectively. Type V is also of xenocrystic nature, but its source rock was significantly more evolved than mantlederived ones. Types II and III are possibly cognates from the host nephelinite or a melt related to the nephelinite. All the types of phenocrysts suffered from disequilibrium with the nephelinitic (or proto-nephelinitic) melt or dissolution during adiabatic uplift. Linear variation in chemical composition of phenocrysts of Księginki nephelinite suggests its evolution because of fractional crystallisation, without significant influence of other differentiation processes.

Keywords: nephelinite evolution; clinopyroxene phenocrysts; Księginki; Central European Volcanic Province


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About the article

Published Online: 2016-04-11

Published in Print: 2015-12-01

Citation Information: Geoscience Records, Volume 1, Issue 1-2, Pages 1–15, ISSN (Online) 2299-6923, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/georec-2015-0001.

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