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Anti-predator adaptations in a great scallop (Pecten maximus) – a palaeontological perspective

Krzysztof Roman Brom
  • Department of Paleontology and Stratigraphy, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice
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/ Krzysztof Szopa
  • Department of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrography, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice
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/ Tomasz Krzykawski
  • Department of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrography, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice
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/ Tomasz Brachaniec
  • Department of Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrography, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice
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/ Mariusz Andrzej Salamon
  • Department of Paleontology and Stratigraphy, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia in Katowice
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Published Online: 2016-04-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/georec-2015-0002

Abstract

Shelly fauna was exposed to increased pressure exerted by shell-crushing durophagous predators during the so-called Mesozoic Marine Revolution that was initiated in the Triassic. As a result of evolutionary ‘arms race’, prey animals such as bivalves, developed many adaptations to reduce predation pressure (e.g. they changed lifestyle and shell morphology in order to increase their mechanical strength). For instance, it was suggested that Pectinidae had acquired the ability to actively swim to avoid predator attack during the early Mesozoic. However, pectinids are also know to have a specific shell microstructure that may effectively protect them against predators. For instance, we highlight that the shells of some recent pectinid species (e.g. Pecten maximus) that display cross-lamellar structures in the middle part playing a significant role in the energy dissipation, improve the mechanical strength. In contrast, the outer layers of these bivalves are highly porous, which allow them to swim more efficiently by reducing the shell weight. Pectinids are thus perfect examples of animals optimising their skeletons for several functions. We suggest that such an optimisation of their skeletons for multiple functions likely occurred as a results of increased predation pressure during the so-called Mesozoic Marine Revolution.

Keywords: Pecten maximus; shell; microstructure; adaptation; predation.

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About the article

Published Online: 2016-04-11

Published in Print: 2015-12-01


Citation Information: Geoscience Records, ISSN (Online) 2299-6923, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/georec-2015-0002.

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