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Groundwater renewable resources in karst areas, the case of the Kleśnica River basin (Sudety Mountains, Poland)

Tomasz Olichwer / Adrian Otrębski
Published Online: 2016-11-23 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/georec-2016-0003


The karst-fractured medium constitutes a considerable groundwater capacity, as shown on the example of the Kleśnica River basin. The paleozoic crystalline limestones in the research area are good collectors of the groundwater. The Kleśnica River basin, one of the largest crystalline limestone lens, is situated in the Sudety Mountains. Groundwater renewable resources were distinguished with the use of hydrological methods, on the basis of hydrometric measurements of the flow discharge of the Kleśnica River during the low-flow period (2009–2010). The mean module of the groundwater runoff equals 20.79 dm3/s*km2, and includes the study of the river catchments areas with extremely high groundwater runoff. The groundwater renewable resources in the Kleśnica River basin are almost twice higher than in the neighbouring river basins (the Kamienica and Morawka River basins), in which there are no significant outcrops of carbonate rocks. These considerable renewable resources also provide a high runoff in the spring, 7.98 dm3/s*km2. The high values of the runoffs indicate, that the groundwater is coming from the regional circulation system and, on a smaller scale, from the local system. The groundwater from both systems flows into the fractured system through the karst of carbonate massif rocks and their weathering fringes.

Keywords: karst areas; groundwater runoff; Śnieżnik Massif


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About the article

Received: 2015-09-15

Accepted: 2016-01-16

Published Online: 2016-11-23

Published in Print: 2016-12-01

Citation Information: Geoscience Records, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 17–23, ISSN (Online) 2299-6923, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/georec-2016-0003.

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© 2016 Tomasz Olichwer et al., published by De Gruyter Open. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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