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语义韵倾向词在新马泰华语媒体语料库中的使用考察

Use of Semantic-Prosody-Inclined Words in Huayu Media Corpus of Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand

侯 雅丽
  • College of Chinese Language and Culture, Jinan University, No. 377, Shougouling Road, Tianhe, Guangzhou, P. R. China
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/ 刘 晓梅
Published Online: 2018-03-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/glochi-2018-0010

摘要

语义韵是指词语与其所搭配的语言项目之间的语义选择现象。本文借助语料库,提取出《现代汉语词典》中的 673 个语义韵倾向词语。将其放入新加坡、马来西亚、泰国的华语媒体语料库里逐一考察,发现 96.6% 的词语仍然保持着相同的语义韵倾向。这表明,新马泰华语的词汇样态与普通话非常接近,普通话词汇对海外华语词汇的影响是非常深刻的。

Abstract

Semantic prosody refers to the semantic selection phenomenon between words and its collocation. In this paper, 673 semantic prosody inclined words in the Modern Chinese Dictionary are extracted. It is found that 96.6% of these words still had the same tendency of semantic prosody in the Huayu (Chinese) media corpus of Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand. This indicates that the lexical modality of Huayu of Singapore-Malaysia-Thailand is very close to Mandarin, and the influence of Mandarin vocabulary on the overseas Huayu vocabulary is extremely profound.

关键词: 语义韵; 语义韵倾向词; 普通话; 新马泰华语

Keywords: semantic prosody; semantic prosody inclined words; Mandarin; huayu of Singapore-Malaysia-Thailand

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About the article

Published Online: 2018-03-28

Published in Print: 2018-03-26


Citation Information: Global Chinese, Volume 4, Issue 1, Pages 199–215, ISSN (Online) 2199-4382, ISSN (Print) 2199-4374, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/glochi-2018-0010.

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