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Green Processing and Synthesis

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Volume 4, Issue 2

Issues

Opportunities for Nannochloropsis gaditana biomass through the isolation of its components and biodiesel production

Alvaro Mendoza
  • Corresponding author
  • Energy and Chemical Technology/Chemical and Environmental Technology/Mechanical Technology and Analytical Chemistry, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/ Tulipán s/n, 28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gemma Vicente
  • Energy and Chemical Technology/Chemical and Environmental Technology/Mechanical Technology and Analytical Chemistry, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/ Tulipán s/n, 28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ L. F. Bautista
  • Energy and Chemical Technology/Chemical and Environmental Technology/Mechanical Technology and Analytical Chemistry, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/ Tulipán s/n, 28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Victoria Morales
  • Energy and Chemical Technology/Chemical and Environmental Technology/Mechanical Technology and Analytical Chemistry, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/ Tulipán s/n, 28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-04-02 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/gps-2014-0094

Abstract

Biomass from oleaginous microorganisms is an attractive source of materials used for the production of renewable fuels and industrial products due to its high productivity and the fact that it does not compete with human food. To ensure the economic feasibility and environmental sustainability of microbial biomass as feedstock, it is necessary to integrate its production and processing into the biorefinery concept. To achieve this goal, biodiesel production and fractionation of the whole biomass into different types of compounds (lipids, proteins, etc.) and further processing of each fraction must be performed. In the present work, the use of a microbial biomass source, the microalga Nannochloropsis gaditana, has been assessed as potential biorefinery feedstock.

Keywords: biobased products; biofuels; biorefinery; microalga; oleaginous microorganisms

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About the article

Alvaro Mendoza

Alvaro Mendoza obtained his degree in Environmental Science from the University of Castilla-La Mancha. Currently, he is completing his PhD in the field of biorefineries from oleaginous microorganisms at the Energy and Chemical Technology Department, Rey Juan Carlos University.

Gemma Vicente

Gemma Vicente obtained her BSc and PhD in Chemistry from the Complutense University of Madrid. First, she developed her research career in the Chemical Engineering Department of the Complutense University of Madrid (1994–2001), the Chemical Engineering Department of the Aston University (Birmigham, UK) (1997), and the Crops Research Centre of TEAGASC (1998, 1999) in Carlow (Ireland). During this time, her main research line was the biodiesel production process. Her teaching activity started in the ICAI School of Engineering (Comillas Pontifical University of Madrid) in 2000. She joined Rey Juan Carlos University in 2001, where she is currently an Associate Professor. Her teaching activity has been focused on subjects related to chemical engineering, environmental engineering and energy in a number of degrees, Masters, and PhD courses. She is currently the Director of the Master on Chemical Engineering. Her research interest is now related to the biobased fuel and product production from microorganisms.

L. F. Bautista

L. Fernando Bautista is an Associate Professor at Rey Juan Carlos University. He received his BSc degree in Chemistry from the Complutense University of Madrid and obtained his PhD from the same institution. His professional activity started in the R&D Centre of Probisa and then in the Process Department of Técnicas Reunidas where he served as a freelance consultant. He has developed his research career in the Chemical Engineering Department of the Complutense University of Madrid (1994–2004) and in the Department of Biotechnology at the Technical University of Denmark as a Visiting Researcher (1998–1999). In 2004, he joined Rey Juan Carlos University. His current research interest is focused on process biotechnology applied to new biofuel production and soil bioremediation.

Victoria Morales

Victoria Morales obtained his PhD in 2008 (Rey Juan Carlos University) working on the synthesis and characterization of hybrid organic-inorganic mesostructured materials for supporting sharpless catalysts. He has occupied several teaching positions in the Chemical and Environmental Engineering Group, starting in 2003 as a PhD student, becoming a teaching assistant in 2006, and an Assistant Professor in 2008. He was a visiting researcher at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chimie de Montpellier (France) in 2006 under the supervision of Prof. Daniel Brunel, and at the Department of Chemical Engineering in the University of California at Santa Barbara (USA) in 2009 and 2013 under the supervision of Prof. Brad F. Chmelka. His main research lines are focused on the synthesis, characterization, and catalytic application of organically-functionalized mesostructured materials and biobased fuels as well as products from microalgal microorganisms integrated in the biorefinery concept.


Corresponding author: Alvaro Mendoza, Energy and Chemical Technology/Chemical and Environmental Technology/Mechanical Technology and Analytical Chemistry, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, C/ Tulipán s/n, 28933 Móstoles, Madrid, Spain, e-mail:


Received: 2014-11-19

Accepted: 2015-03-02

Published Online: 2015-04-02

Published in Print: 2015-04-01


Citation Information: Green Processing and Synthesis, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 97–102, ISSN (Online) 2191-9550, ISSN (Print) 2191-9542, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/gps-2014-0094.

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