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Green

a systemic approach to energy

Editor-in-Chief: Schlögl, Robert

Managing Editor: Tiedtke, Marion

Editorial Board: Luther, Joachim / Meng, Qingbo / Hüttl, Reinhard F. / Koumoto, Kunihito / Gasteiger, Hubert


SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.482
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.402

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1869-8778
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High-efficiency Silicon Heterojunction Solar Cells: A Review

Stefaan De Wolf
  • Corresponding author
  • Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Institute of Microengineering (IMT), Photovoltaics and Thin-Film Electronics Laboratory, Breguet 2, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Antoine Descoeudres
  • Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Institute of Microengineering (IMT), Photovoltaics and Thin-Film Electronics Laboratory, Breguet 2, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zachary C. Holman
  • Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Institute of Microengineering (IMT), Photovoltaics and Thin-Film Electronics Laboratory, Breguet 2, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Christophe Ballif
  • Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Institute of Microengineering (IMT), Photovoltaics and Thin-Film Electronics Laboratory, Breguet 2, CH-2000 Neuchâtel, Switzerland
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2012-03-28 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/green-2011-0018

Abstract

Silicon heterojunction solar cells consist of thin amorphous silicon layers deposited on crystalline silicon wafers. This design enables energy conversion efficiencies above 20% at the industrial production level. The key feature of this technology is that the metal contacts, which are highly recombination active in traditional, diffused-junction cells, are electronically separated from the absorber by insertion of a wider bandgap layer. This enables the record open-circuit voltages typically associated with heterojunction devices without the need for expensive patterning techniques. This article reviews the salient points of this technology. First, we briefly elucidate device characteristics. This is followed by a discussion of each processing step, device operation, and device stability and industrial upscaling, including the fabrication of solar cells with energy-conversion efficiencies over 21%. Finally, future trends are pointed out.

Keywords.: Photovoltaics; solar cells; silicon; heterojunctions; high efficiency

About the article

Received: 2011-12-21

Accepted: 2012-01-03

Published Online: 2012-03-28

Published in Print: 2012-03-08


Citation Information: green, Volume 2, Issue 1, Pages 7–24, ISSN (Online) 1869-8778, ISSN (Print) 1869-876X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/green-2011-0018.

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Bénédicte Demaurex, Stefaan De Wolf, Antoine Descoeudres, Zachary Charles Holman, and Christophe Ballif
Applied Physics Letters, 2012, Volume 101, Number 17, Page 171604

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