Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …


a systemic approach to energy

Editor-in-Chief: Schlögl, Robert

Managing Editor: Tiedtke, Marion

Editorial Board: Luther, Joachim / Meng, Qingbo / Hüttl, Reinhard F. / Koumoto, Kunihito / Gasteiger, Hubert

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.248
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 0.421

More options …

Chemical Perspectives on Alkali and Earth Alkaline Nitrate and Nitrite Salts for Concentrated Solar Power Applications

Joseph G. Cordaro
Published Online: 2013-03-20 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/green-2012-0026


Molten salts have been widely considered as the leading candidate heat transfer fluids (HTF) used in high temperature, concentrated solar power plants. Specifically, nitrate and nitrite based salts have been investigated as a HTF and even deployed in pilot plants generating up to 19.9 MW of electricity at operating temperatures above 500 °C. New plant designs requiring higher operating temperatures for better efficiencies are pushing the stability limit of HTF. This paper presents an overview of the thermophysical properties of nitrate and nitrite salts and discusses thermodynamic and kinetic stability limitations as they relate to concentrated solar power generation.

Keywords: molten salts; concentrated solar power; nitrate salts; kinetic stability; thermal stability

About the article

Joseph G. Cordaro

Joseph G. Cordaro is a Principal Member of the Technical Staff at Sandia National Laboratories in Livermore, California. He received his Ph.D. in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley in 2004 and did postdoctoral research at the ETH in Zurich and then the University of California, Santa Barbara. Since joining Sandia, he has worked on designing new heat transfer fluids for solar thermal energy production and storage.

Sandia National Laboratories, 7011 East Ave, Livermore, CA 94550, USA

Received: 2012-11-30

Accepted: 2013-01-30

Published Online: 2013-03-20

Published in Print: 2013-03-15

Citation Information: Green, Volume 3, Issue 1, Pages 9–18, ISSN (Online) 1869-8778, ISSN (Print) 1869-876X, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/green-2012-0026.

Export Citation

©[2013] by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston.Get Permission

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Angel G. Fernández, Judith Gomez-Vidal, Eduard Oró, Alan Kruizenga, Aran Solé, and Luisa F. Cabeza
Renewable Energy, 2019, Volume 140, Page 152
A. Gomes, M. Navas, N. Uranga, T. Paiva, I. Figueira, and T.C. Diamantino
Solar Energy, 2019, Volume 177, Page 408
Mehedi Bin Mohammad, Geoffrey Alan Brooks, and Muhammad Akbar Rhamdhani
Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2018
Mehedi Bin Mohammad, Geoffrey Alan Brooks, and M. Akbar Rhamdhani
Renewable Energy, 2017, Volume 104, Page 76

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in