Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …

Green Processing and Synthesis

Editor-in-Chief: Hessel, Volker

Editorial Board: Akay, Galip / Arends, Isabel / Cann, Michael C. / Cheng, Yi / Cravotto, Giancarlo / Gruber-Wölfler, Heidrun / Kralisch, Dana / D. P. Nigam, Krishna / Saha, Basudeb / Serra, Christophe A. / Zhang, Wei

6 Issues per year

IMPACT FACTOR 2016: 0.782

CiteScore 2016: 0.90

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.344
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.402

See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 1, Issue 1


Process intensification in green synthesis

Vimal Kumar / Krishna Deo Prasad Nigam


In the past few decades there has been an extensive increase in the research for green synthesis processes due to environmental concerns, industrial safety and sustainable development, which makes it an attractive alternative to the conventional synthesis processes. The interest of researchers in the green synthesis processes highlights the importance of understanding the mechanism and the fundamental differences between the different processes. The number of publications in the field of “Green Synthesis” in journals, proceedings, patents, etc. has increased by almost 20 times from 2001 to 2010. The published reports are mainly concerned with green synthesis with catalytic processes, less harmful solvents and process intensified techniques. In the present article, the technological development efforts in the area of green synthesis are summarized. Various techniques for green synthesis process intensification are discussed, e.g., mixers, microreactors, spin disc reactor, oscillated flow reactors, microwave irradiation, ultrasonication, multifunctional membranes and coiled flow inverter. The applications of green synthesis processes for biofuel, nanoparticle, ionic liquids and pharmaceutical production are also discussed.

Keywords: green synthesis; microreactors; microwave-assisted synthesis; motionless mixers; process intensification; ultrasound-assisted synthesis

About the article

Corresponding author

Received: 2011-10-26

Accepted: 2012-01-05

Published in Print: 2012-01-01

Citation Information: Green Processing and Synthesis, Volume 1, Issue 1, Pages 79–107, ISSN (Online) 2191-9550, ISSN (Print) 2191-9542, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/greenps-2011-0003.

Export Citation

©2012 by Walter de Gruyter Berlin Boston.

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

Armando T. Quitain, Elaine G. Mission, Yoshifumi Sumigawa, and Mitsuru Sasaki
Chemical Engineering and Processing: Process Intensification, 2017
Mark J. Schulte, Jeff Wiltgen, John Ritter, Charles B. Mooney, and Michael C. Flickinger
Biotechnology and Bioengineering, 2016, Volume 113, Number 9, Page 1913

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in