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GeoScience Engineering

The Journal of VŠB-Technical University of Ostrava, Faculty of Mining and Geology

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1802-5420
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Possibilities of Energy Recovery from Municipal Waste/ Možnosti Energetického Využití Komunálního Odpadu

Vladimír Lapčík
  • prof. Ing. CSc., Institute of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Mining and Geology, VSB - Technical University of Ostrava, tř. 17. listopadu 15, 708 33 Ostrava-Poruba,phone: (+420) 597 325 289
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/ Marta Lapčíková
  • Ing., Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic, Department of Public Administration IX, Čs. legií 5, CZ 702 00 Ostrava, phone: (+420) 595 136 476
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Published Online: 2015-01-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10205-011-0023-1

Abstract

The article summarizes possibilities of energy recovery from municipal waste. It describes the history of incineration and energy recovery from municipal waste in Czechoslovakia and then in the Czech Republic. The attention is paid to the three currently operated plants for energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic (ZEVO Malešice, SAKO Brno and TERMIZO Liberec). The following are the characteristics of the planned plants for energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic. All these plants operate essentially based on grate boilers with flue gas treatment at the highest technical level. The article also lists other technologies which can be used for energy recovery from municipal waste - these are gasification and pyrolysis units and plasma technology. The conclusion of this contribution is devoted to the current and future situation in the area of energy recovery from municipal waste in the Czech Republic with regard to the applicable legal standards.

Abstrakt

Příspěvek shrnuje možnosti energetického využití komunálního odpadu. Popsána je historie spalování a energetického využití komunálního odpadu v Československu a poté v České republice. Pozornost je věnována třem v současnosti provozovaným zařízením na energetické využití komunálního odpadu v České republice (ZEVO Malešice, SAKO Brno a TERMIZO Liberec). Dále jsou uvedeny charakteristiky připravovaných zařízení na energetické využití komunálního odpadu v ČR. Všechna uvedená zařízení pracují v zásadě na bázi roštových kotlů s čištěním spalin na nejvyšší možné technické úrovni. Příspěvek také uvádí další technologie, které je možno využít pro energetické využití komunálních odpadů - jedná se o zplyňovací a pyrolýzní jednotky a plazmové technologie. Závěr příspěvku je věnován současné a budoucí situaci v oblasti energetického využití komunálních odpadů v České republice s ohledem na platné právní normy.

Keywords : municipal waste; energy use; boilers; gasification; pyrolysis; plasma technology

References

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  • [2] An incinerator needs an attractive look. Waste Forum, No. 5, 2011, pp. 8 - 10. (in Czech)Google Scholar

  • [3] VURM, Karel et al. Environmental Impact Assessment Documentation as of Appendix 4 to Act No 100/2001 Coll., as amended, for the project “Municipal-Waste-to-Energy Plant Chotíkov (ZEVO Chotíkov)”. Prague: Chemoprag, Ltd., August 2011. 159 p. (in Czech)Google Scholar

  • [4] LAPČÍK, Vladimír. Expert Report for Environmental Impact Assessment Documentation as of Appendix 5 to Act No 100/2001 Coll., as amended, for the project “Municipal-Waste-to-Energy Plant Chotíkov (ZEVO Chotíkov)”. Prepared for the Regional Office of the Plzeň Region. Ostrava, December 2011. 98 p., photo-documentation (2), appendices (2). (in Czech)Google Scholar

  • [5] OBROUČKA, Karel. Thermic waste disposal and energy recovery. 1st edition. Ostrava: VŠB - Technical University Ostrava, 2001. 140 p. ISBN 80-248-0009-8. (in Czech)Google Scholar

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About the article

Published Online: 2015-01-16

Published in Print: 2012-12-01


Citation Information: GeoScience Engineering, ISSN (Online) 1802-5420, DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/v10205-011-0023-1.

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© by Vladimír Lapčík. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 3.0 License. BY-NC-ND 3.0

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