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Helminthologia

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Volume 54, Issue 1 (Mar 2017)

Issues

Parasite communities in two sparid fishes from the western Mediterranean: a comparative analysis based on samples from three localities off the Algerian coast

F. Benhamou
  • Laboratoire Réseau de Surveillance Environnementale, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université d’Oran 1 - Ahmed Benbella, Algeria
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ D. Marzoug
  • Laboratoire Réseau de Surveillance Environnementale, Département de Biologie, Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université d’Oran 1 - Ahmed Benbella, Algeria
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Z. Boutiba
  • Laboratoire Réseau de Surveillance Environnementale, Département de Biologie Faculté des Sciences de la Nature et de la Vie, Université d’Oran 1 - Ahmed Benbella, Algeria
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ A. Kostadinova
  • Institute of Parasitology, Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, Branišovská 31, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czechia
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ A. Pérez-Del-Olmo
  • Corresponding author
  • Institut Cavanilles de Biodiversitat i Biologia Evolutiva, Parc Científic, Universitat de València, PO Box 22085, Valencia 46071, Spain
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2017-02-09 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/helm-2017-0003

Summary

We provide the first known comparative assessment of metazoan parasite communities in two taxonomically and ecologically related sparids, Boops boops and Spicara maena, that are common in the coastal infralittoral habitats in the Mediterranean. Using abundant data for infracommunities in three localities off the Algerian coasts of the Mediterranean, we tested the general prediction that the phylogenetic proximity of the two hosts, their overlapping geographical distribution and habitat occupation, as well as the similar feeding habits and diet would contribute to a homogenization of their parasite community composition and structure. The regional fauna of parasites of B. boops and S. maena along the Algerian coasts of the western Mediterranean was species-rich (36 species) and dominated by heteroxenous species (27 spp; of these 20 digenean spp.). The phylogenetic relatedness between the two hosts resulted in a large number of shared parasites (56 %, 20 spp.). However, the significant overlap in the parasite faunas of the two sparid hosts and their similar feeding habits and diet did not translate into homogeneous parasite community pattern; a significant differentiation in terms of both, composition and structure, was observed.

Keywords : Spicara maena; Boops boops; parasite communities; western Mediterranean; Algeria

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About the article

Received: 2016-10-19

Accepted: 2017-01-09

Published Online: 2017-02-09

Published in Print: 2017-03-01


Citation Information: Helminthologia, ISSN (Online) 1336-9083, ISSN (Print) 0440-6605, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/helm-2017-0003.

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© 2017. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License. BY-NC-ND 4.0

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