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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Berry, Richard / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gellerstedt, Göran / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Heitner, Cyril / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Kleen, Marjatta / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Pizzi, Antonio / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Viikari, Liisa / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 1.711
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.794
Rank 3 out of 21 in category Materials Science, Paper & Wood and 14 out of 66 in Forestry in the 2015 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.817
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.954
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.427

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Depolymerization of Straw Lignin by Manganese Peroxidase from Nematoloma frowardii is Accompanied by Release of Carbon Dioxide

Martin Hofrichter / Katrin Scheibner / Friedemann Bublitz / Ivonne Schneegaß / Dirk Ziegenhagen / Rainer Martens / Wolfgang Fritsche

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 53, Issue 2, Pages 161–166, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/HF.1999.027, June 2005

Publication History

Published Online:


Manganese peroxidase preparations (MnP) from the white-rot fungus Nematoloma frowardii were able to release 14CO2 directly from 14C-labeled milled wheat straw (MWS; total lignin fraction) and milled straw lignin (MSL; dioxane soluble part of MWS). Apart from the formation of 14CO2 (4–10 %) the treatment of insoluble MWS and MSL with MnP resulted in the formation of water-soluble 14C-lignin fragments (lignin solubilization, 14–25%). Analyses with gel permeation chromatography (GPC) demonstrated the formation of lignin fragments with predominant molecular masses around 1 kDa. The extent of MWS mineralization and solubilization was enhanced in the presence of reduced glutathione (GSH) acting as thiol mediator, whereas MSL mineralization was not stimulated by GSH. The principle of direct extracellular mineralization of lignin catalyzed by the MnP system may make a significant contribution to the formation of carbon dioxide in lignincellulose containing habitats.

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