Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives
Editor-in-Chief: Salmén, Lennart
Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi
IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.079
CiteScore 2017: 1.94
SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.709
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.979
Stress Relaxation of Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica D.Don) Wood in Radial Compression under High Temperature Steam
To clarify the mechanism of the permanent fixation of compressive deformation of wood by high temperature steaming, stress relaxation and stress-strain relationships in the radial compression for Sugi (Cryptomeria japonica D.Don) wood were measured under steam at temperatures up to 200°C. The stress relaxation curves above 100°C were quite different in shape from those below 100°C, showing a rapid decrease in stress with increasing temperature. In the stress-strain relationships measured above 140°C, the stress reduced as pre-steaming time increased when compared at the same strain. The recovery of compressive deformation (strain recovery) was decreased with steaming time and reached almost 0 in 10 min at 200°C. The relationship between the residual stress and the strain recovery at the end of relaxation measurements could be expressed by a single curve regardless of time and temperature. The permanent fixation of deformation by steaming below 200°C was considered to be due to chain scission of hemicelluloses accompanying a slight cleavage of lignin. In some cases, the increase in regularity of the crystalline lattice space of microfibrils or the formation of crosslinks between the cell wall polymers seemed to play an important role in the permanent fixation of compressive deformation.
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