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Wood Research and Technology

Holzforschung

Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi


IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.579

CiteScore 2018: 2.43

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2018: 0.829
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2018: 1.082

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1437-434X
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Volume 56, Issue 5

Issues

Techniques for Measuring Growth Stress on the Xylem Surface Using Strain and Dial Gauges

M. Yoshida / T. Okuyama:
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2002.071

Summary

Growth stress (growth strain) in trees is usually evaluated using either a strain gauge or a dial gauge to measure the strain release. We summarize the techniques used to assess growth stress and compare the two methods. The dial gauge method measures change in distance between two pin targets when growth stress is released by sawing two grooves; from this the strain released is calculated. The absolute values of the strain released depended on whether the two grooves were sawn inside or outside the pin targets: the values in the first case were approximately twice those in the latter. If the grooves were sawn outside the pin targets, the values for the strain released were about the same as with the strain gauge method, in which the strain released by sawing a groove at each end of a strain gauge is measured. The released strain values were consistent when the strain gauge was glued to the outer surface of the secondary xylem after first fully removing the differentiating xylem. To release most of the surface growth stress and maximize released strain values, the optimal distance between the ends of the strain gauge and the grooves cut to release the growth stress was 3 to 5 mm, and the optimal depth of the groove was 5 to 10 mm. Most of the growth stress was released immediately when the grooves were sawn.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2002-08-26


Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 56, Issue 5, Pages 461–467, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2002.071.

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