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Wood Research and Technology

Holzforschung

Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.079

CiteScore 2017: 1.94

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.709
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.979

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1437-434X
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Volume 57, Issue 5

Issues

Effect of High Temperature on the Change in Color, Dimensional Stability and Mechanical Properties of Spruce Wood

P. Bekhta / P. Niemz
Published Online: 2005-06-01 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2003.080

Summary

In this study the effect of high temperature on mechanical properties, dimensional stability and color of spruce was investigated. Wood specimens conditioned at different relative humidities (50, 65, 80 and 95%) were subjected to heat treatment at 200°C for 2, 4, 8, 10 and 24 h and at 100, 150 and 200°C for 24 h. Color changes were measured in the Minolta Croma-Meter CR-300 color system. Bending strength and modulus of elasticity were determined according to DIN 52186. The results show that heat treatment mainly resulted in a darkening of wood tissues, improvement of the dimensional stability of wood and reduction of its mechanical properties. The darkening accelerated generally when treatment temperature exceeded approximately 200°C. Most of the darkening occurred within the first 4 h of exposure. For the specimens heated to high temperatures, the average decrease in bending strength was about 44–50%, while modulus of elasticity was reduced by only 4–9%. We found that treatment time and temperature were more important than relative humidity regarding the color responses. Strong correlations between total color difference and both modulus of elasticity and bending strength were found. Thus, the color parameters can be estimated quantitatively and used as a prediction of wood strength.

About the article

Published Online: 2005-06-01

Published in Print: 2003-08-20


Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 57, Issue 5, Pages 539–546, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2003.080.

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Boris Mahltig, Martin Arnold, and Per Löthman
Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, 2010, Volume 55, Number 2, Page 221
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Helmut Bächle, Bernhard Zimmer, Elisabeth Windeisen, and Gerd Wegener
Wood Science and Technology, 2010, Volume 44, Number 3, Page 421
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Miyuki Matsuo, Misao Yokoyama, Kenji Umemura, Joseph Gril, Ken’ichiro Yano, and Shuichi Kawai
Applied Physics A, 2010, Volume 99, Number 1, Page 47
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C.H.S. Del Menezzi, I. Tomaselli, E.Y.A. Okino, D.E. Teixeira, and M.A.E. Santana
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 2009
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Martin Arnold
Journal of Materials Science, 2010, Volume 45, Number 3, Page 669
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Duygu Kocaefe, Sandor Poncsak, Junjun Tang, and Mohamed Bouazara
Journal of Materials Science, 2010, Volume 45, Number 3, Page 681
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Sandor Poncsak, Duygu Kocaefe, Ramdane Younsi, Yasar Kocaefe, and Louis Gastonguay
Wood Science and Technology, 2009, Volume 43, Number 5-6, Page 471
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Thomas Gereke, Thomas Schnider, Andreas Hurst, and Peter Niemz
Wood Science and Technology, 2009, Volume 43, Number 3-4, Page 301
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Duygu Kocaefe, Sandor Poncsak, Geneviève Doré, and Ramdane Younsi
Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 2008, Volume 66, Number 5, Page 355
[171]
Marc Borrega and Petri P. Kärenlampi
Journal of Wood Science, 2008, Volume 54, Number 4, Page 323
[172]
Boris Mahltig, Christiane Swaboda, Albert Roessler, and Horst Böttcher
Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2008, Volume 18, Number 27, Page 3180
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Sini Metsä-Kortelainen, Toni Antikainen, and Pertti Viitaniemi
Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 2006, Volume 64, Number 3, Page 192
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Bruno Esteves, António Velez Marques, Idalina Domingos, and Helena Pereira
Wood Science and Technology, 2008, Volume 42, Number 5, Page 369
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Dennis Johansson and Tom Morén
Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 2006, Volume 64, Number 2, Page 104
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Marc Borrega and Petri P. Kärenlampi
Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 2008, Volume 66, Number 1, Page 63
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Eva Frühwald
Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 2007, Volume 65, Number 6, Page 411
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Tomáš Joščák, Miroslava Mamoňová, Marian Babiak, Alfred Teischinger, and Ulrich Müller
Holz als Roh- und Werkstoff, 2007, Volume 65, Number 4, Page 285
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Bruno Esteves, António Velez Marques, Idalina Domingos, and Helena Pereira
Wood Science and Technology, 2007, Volume 41, Number 3, Page 193
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Sándor Poncsák, Duygu Kocaefe, Mohamed Bouazara, and Andre Pichette
Wood Science and Technology, 2006, Volume 40, Number 8, Page 647
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Yaolin Zhang, S. Y. Zhang, and Ying Hei Chui
Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 2006, Volume 102, Number 3, Page 2149
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Ramdane Younsi, Duygu Kocaefe, Sandor Poncsak, and Yaşar Kocaefe
International Journal of Energy Research, 2006, Volume 30, Number 9, Page 699

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