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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

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Artificial weathering of tropical woods. Part 2: Color change

Masanori Kishino
  • Hokkaido Forest Products Research Institute, Hokkaido, Japan
/ Takato Nakano
  • Department of Natural Resources Process Engineering, Interdisciplinary Faculty of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, Shimane, Japan


This paper describes the change in diffuse reflectance Fourier transform infrared (DRIFT) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) diffuse reflectance spectra of the following eight tropical woods during artificial weathering up to 600 h in relation to their color changes, especially to yellowing: Amnurana acreana, Acacia auriculiformis, Dipterocarpus spp., Eucalyptus marginata, Eucalyptus robusta, Shorea spp. and Tabebuia spp. with relatively high and low specific gravity. For A. acreana, A. auriculiformis, Dipterocarpus spp. and both Tabebuia spp., Δb* (yellowing) increased with exposure up to 50 h, and decreased above 50 h. For E. marginata, E. robusta and Shorea spp., on the other hand, both Δa* (shift to red) and Δb* decreased with increased exposure time. For woods in which Δb* increased, the Δb* showed a positive dependence on the difference in relative intensity ratio of a band at 1740 cm–1 to that at 2900 cm–1 (ΔD1740/D2900) in DRIFT spectra of specimens before and after exposure. This result indicated that the increased band at 1740 cm–1 played a significant role in the increased Δb*. Then again, also for woods in which Δb* decreased, the ΔD1740/D2900 increased, but was not related to the Db*. The ΔD1740/D2900 for woods in which Δb* decreased had a positive relationship to the difference in remission function at 410 nm (ΔF(R)410) in UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra for specimens before and after exposure, while woods in which Δb* increased were independent of the ΔF(R)410. Therefore, it is suggested that woods in which Δb* increased and decreased differ from one another in the contribution to the increase in the band at 1740 cm–1, resulting in either an increase or decrease of Δb*.

Keywords: artificial weathering; CIE L* a* b*; color change; DRIFT spectra; tropical woods; UV-Vis diffuse reflectance spectra; yellowing

Corresponding author. Laboratory of Materials Recycling, Department of Natural Resources Process Engineering, Interdisciplinary Faculty of Science and Engineering, Shimane University, 1060 Nishikawatsu, Matsue, Shimane 690-8504, Japan. Fax: + 81-852-32-6123, E-mail:

Received: June 11, 2003

Published in Print: 2004-08-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 58, Issue 5, Pages 558–565, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2004.085, August 2004

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