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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Berry, Richard / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gellerstedt, Göran / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Heitner, Cyril / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Kleen, Marjatta / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Pizzi, Antonio / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Viikari, Liisa / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 1.711
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.794
Rank 3 out of 21 in category Materials Science, Paper & Wood and 14 out of 66 in Forestry in the 2015 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.817
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.954
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.427

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Isolation and fractionation of lignosulfonates by amine extraction and ultrafiltration: A comparative study

Okko Ringena1 / Bodo Saake2 / Ralph Lehnen3




Corresponding author. Institut für Holzchemie und chemische Technologie des Holzes, Bundesforschungsanstalt für Forst-und Holzwirtschaft, Leuschnerstr. 91, 21031 Hamburg, Germany

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 59, Issue 4, Pages 405–412, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/HF.2005.066, July 2005

Publication History

November 1, 2004
February 4, 2005
Published Online:


Spent sulfite liquors (SSLs) were fractionated by two common separation techniques: amine extraction and ultrafiltration. The lignin fractions obtained were characterized with respect to their elemental composition, functional groups and molecular weight distribution. The results of size exclusion chromatography indicate a broad molecular weight distribution of the lignosulfonates (LS). Irrespective of the separation technique used, a small LS fraction with high molecular mass and low degree of sulfonation was obtained, while most of the lignosulfonates have much lower molar masses and a much higher degree of sulfonation. Both separation methods offer the opportunity to extract high-purity LS fractions; however, compared to amine extraction, ultrafiltration provides additional information about the molecular weight distribution of the SSL components without application of other analytical techniques.

Keywords: amine extraction; lignosulfonates; molar mass; molecular weight distribution; size exclusion chromatography; spent sulfite liquor; ultrafiltration

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