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Rio, Jose C. / Laine, Christiane / Potthast, Antje / Takano, Toshiyuki / Theliander, Hans


International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

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Volume 60, Issue 5 (Aug 2006)


Phenolic compounds in silver birch (Betula pendula Roth) wood

Eveliina Hiltunen
  • University of Joensuu, Department of Chemistry, Joensuu, Finland
/ Tuula T. Pakkanen
  • University of Joensuu, Department of Chemistry, Joensuu, Finland
/ Leila Alvila
  • University of Joensuu, Department of Chemistry, Joensuu, Finland
Published Online: 2006-08-16 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2006.086


Three new phenolic compounds (4-hydroxy-2-methoxyphenyl-6-O-syringoyl-β-D-glucopyranoside, 2-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl-6-O-syringoyl-β-D-glucopyranoside, and 4-hydroxymethyl-2-methoxyphenyl-6-O-syringoyl-β-D-glucopyranoside) and 15 known phenolic compounds (two phenyl glucoside esters, five lignans, three diarylheptanoids and five simple aldehydes or ketones) were isolated from the secondary xylem of mature Betula pendula Roth. The compounds were identified on the basis of their NMR (1D and 2D) and mass spectral data. In total, 23 phenolic extractives present in the sapwood of two winter-dormant B. pendula trees felled at different growing sites (rich in nutrients and scarce in nutrients) were quantified by GC. Their amounts were mostly low, 0.01–0.18 mg g−1 of dry wood. Total amounts of the phenolic extractives isolated were 1.2 mg g−1 of dry wood (5.6% of the total methanol-soluble extractives) in the tree felled at the site rich in nutrients, and 1.9 mg g–1 of dry wood (10% of the total methanol-soluble extractives) in the tree felled at the site scarce in nutrients.

Keywords: Betula pendula Roth; diarylheptanoids; extractives; lignans; phenolic glycosides; wood


About the article

Corresponding author. University of Joensuu, Department of Chemistry, P.O. Box 111, FI-80101 Joensuu, Finland

Received: March 3, 2006

Accepted: June 2, 2006

Published Online: 2006-08-16

Published in Print: 2006-08-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2006.086. Export Citation

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