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Wood Research and Technology

Holzforschung

Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar / Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.079

CiteScore 2017: 1.94

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1437-434X
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Volume 60, Issue 6

Issues

Topochemical investigations of wood extractives and their influence on colour changes in American black cherry (Prunus serotina Borkh.)

Ingo Mayer
  • Institute for Wood Biology and Wood Protection, Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products, Hamburg, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Gerald Koch
  • Institute for Wood Biology and Wood Protection, Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products, Hamburg, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jürgen Puls
  • Institute for Wood Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products, Hamburg, Germany
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2006-12-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2006.100

Abstract

The topochemical distribution of accessory compounds responsible for wood colouration during heartwood formation and processing of black cherry (Prunus serotina) is restricted to the axial and ray parenchyma cells. (+)-Catechin, taxifolin, aromadendrin, eriodictyol, naringenin, 4′-methoxynaringenin and prunin were identified in acetone/water extracts. However, the colour of wood after extraction is still reddish-brown, indicating that the coloured material is polymeric (cross-linked, condensed). It was demonstrated that (+)-catechin plays a pivotal role in the development of heartwood colour. Its concentration at the sapwood/heartwood boundary decreases, presumably due to the formation of non-soluble polymeric proanthocyanidins. Heat treatment of heartwood during veneer production intensifies the reddish-brown heartwood colour, probably by promoting the polymerisation of (+)-catechin and other flavonoid monomers.

Keywords: accessory compounds; black cherry; heat treatment; phenolic extractives; Prunus serotina; wood colour

About the article

Corresponding author. Institute for Wood Biology and Wood Protection, Federal Research Centre for Forestry and Forest Products, Leuschnerstr. 91, 21031 Hamburg, Germany


Received: June 13, 2006

Accepted: September 5, 2006

Published Online: 2006-12-04

Published in Print: 2006-11-01


Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 60, Issue 6, Pages 589–594, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2006.100.

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