Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …
Wood Research and Technology

Holzforschung

Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

12 Issues per year


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.079

CiteScore 2017: 1.94

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.709
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.979

Online
ISSN
1437-434X
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Volume 61, Issue 5

Issues

Novel experimental approach for longitudinal-radial stiffness characterisation of clear wood by a single test

José Xavier / Stéphane Avril / Fabrice Pierron / José Morais
Published Online: 2007-08-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2007.083

Abstract

Experimental results obtained from maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Ait.) wood are presented for the characterisation of all LR=(1,2) orthotropic stiffness parameters of clear wood specimens by a single test. The approach relies on application of the virtual field method (VFM) to a rectangular specimen loaded in the Iosipescu fixture. The displacement field over the gauge surface of the specimen is measured by the grid method. Two configurations are investigated: (1) with grain aligned along the specimen length (0° configuration) and (2) with grain at 45°. For the 0° configuration, only the parameters Q 11 and Q 66 are correctly identified, with coefficients of variation of the same order of magnitude as those obtained from reference tensile and shear tests. Better identification is obtained for the 45° configuration, for which only the parameter Q 12 exhibits large scatter. This improvement results from a more balanced influence of all stiffness parameters on the response of the 45° specimen. However, all stiffness parameters identified were systematically underestimated by approximately 30% in comparison to reference values. This deviation is due to the vertical spatial variation of the mechanical properties of wood within the stem. Literature data confirm this interpretation.

Keywords: full-field measurements; material characterisation; statically undetermined test; virtual fields method (VFM)

About the article

Corresponding author. LMPF/ENSAM, Rue Saint-Dominique BP 508, 51006 Châlons-en-Champagne Cedex, France


Received: 2006-11-28

Accepted: 2007-04-24

Published Online: 2007-08-08

Published in Print: 2007-08-01


Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 61, Issue 5, Pages 573–581, ISSN (Online) 1437434X, ISSN (Print) 00183830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2007.083.

Export Citation

Citing Articles

Here you can find all Crossref-listed publications in which this article is cited. If you would like to receive automatic email messages as soon as this article is cited in other publications, simply activate the “Citation Alert” on the top of this page.

[1]
José Xavier and Fabrice Pierron
The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, 2018, Page 030932471879108
[2]
J. Xavier, J. Morais, and F. Pereira
Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 2018, Volume 110, Page 462
[3]
João Luís Pereira, José Xavier, Bahman Ghiassi, José Lousada, and José Morais
The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, 2018, Page 030932471878635
[4]
Filip Stojcevski, Tim Hilditch, and Luke C. Henderson
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2018
[7]
Lei Zhang and Na Yang
Wood Science and Technology, 2017, Volume 51, Number 2, Page 323
[8]
M. Grédiac, F. Sur, and B. Blaysat
Strain, 2016, Volume 52, Number 3, Page 205
[9]
X. Gu and F. Pierron
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2016, Volume 91, Page 448
[10]
J. Xavier, A. Majano-Majano, and J. Fernandez-Cabo
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 2016, Volume 74, Number 3, Page 285
[11]
J. Xavier, J.R.A. Fernandes, J.J.L. Morais, and O. Frazão
Ciência & Tecnologia dos Materiais, 2015, Volume 27, Number 1, Page 27
[12]
L. Kong, J. Shuai, X. Zhou, Y. Chao, and K. Han
Experimental Mechanics, 2016, Volume 56, Number 2, Page 165
[13]
Ulrich Müller, Andreas Ringhofer, Reinhard Brandner, and Gerhard Schickhofer
Wood Science and Technology, 2015, Volume 49, Number 6, Page 1123
[14]
S.J. Subramanian and N. Nigamaa
Mechanics Research Communications, 2015, Volume 63, Page 41
[15]
J. Xavier, J.R.A. Fernandes, O. Frazão, and J.J.L. Morais
Composite Structures, 2015, Volume 121, Page 83
[16]
J. Xavier, M. Oliveira, J.J.L. Morais, and M.F.S.F. de Moura
Construction and Building Materials, 2014, Volume 71, Page 109
[17]
J.M. Considine, F. Pierron, K.T. Turner, and D.W. Vahey
Experimental Mechanics, 2014, Volume 54, Number 8, Page 1395
[18]
J. Xavier, P. Monteiro, J. J. L. Morais, N. Dourado, and M. F. S. F. de Moura
Journal of Materials Science, 2014, Volume 49, Number 21, Page 7371
[19]
J. Xavier, M. Oliveira, P. Monteiro, J. J. L. Morais, and M. F. S. F. de Moura
Experimental Mechanics, 2014
[20]
J. Pereira, J. Xavier, J. Morais, and J. Lousada
Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 2014, Volume 44, Number 2, Page 107
[21]
J. Xavier, J.C.R. Pereira, and A.M.P. de Jesus
Optics and Lasers in Engineering, 2014, Volume 53, Page 142
[23]
A. M. R. Sousa, J. Xavier, M. Vaz, J. J. L. Morais, and V. M. J. Filipe
Strain, 2011, Volume 47, Page 87
[24]
Marco Rossi and Fabrice Pierron
International Journal of Solids and Structures, 2012, Volume 49, Number 3-4, Page 420
[25]
Kashif Syed-Muhammad, E. Toussaint, M. Grédiac, Stéphane Avril, and J.H. Kim
Composite Structures, 2008, Volume 85, Number 1, Page 70
[26]
A. Majano-Majano, J. L. Fernandez-Cabo, S. Hoheisel, and M. Klein
Experimental Mechanics, 2012, Volume 52, Number 8, Page 1079
[27]
J. Xavier, S. Avril, F. Pierron, and J. Morais
Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 2009, Volume 40, Number 12, Page 1953
[28]
J. Xavier, A.M.P. de Jesus, J.J.L. Morais, and J.M.T. Pinto
Construction and Building Materials, 2012, Volume 26, Number 1, Page 207
[29]
Maria J. Gaspar, Ana Alves, José L. Louzada, José Morais, Antonio Santos, Claudia Fernandes, Maria H. Almeida, and José C. Rodrigues
Annals of Forest Science, 2011, Volume 68, Number 2, Page 255
[30]
F Pierron
The Journal of Strain Analysis for Engineering Design, 2010, Volume 45, Number 4, Page 233
[31]
Koji MURATA and Hideaki TANAHASHI
Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan, 2010, Volume 59, Number 4, Page 285

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in