Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives
Editor-in-Chief: Salmén, Lennart
Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi
IMPACT FACTOR 2018: 2.579
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Effect of autohydrolysis of Eucalyptus globulus wood on lignin structure. Part 1: Comparison of different lignin fractions formed during water prehydrolysis
The effect of autohydrolysis of Eucalyptus globulus wood was studied with regard to conditions applied in a prehydrolysis-kraft process on the physico-chemical properties of lignin obtained in both the wood residue and hydrolysate. As a reference, milled wood lignin (MWL) was isolated from native wood and compared to three lignin fractions formed during prehydrolysis: 1) lignin from the wood residue isolated as MWL, 2) lignin precipitated from the prehydrolysate during cooling and separated by centrifugation, and 3) lignin degradation products soluble in the prehydrolysate extracted with ethylacetate. All lignin fractions were subjected to Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, methoxy group determination, elemental analysis, size exclusion chromatography and quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The results indicate that extensive lignin degradation occurs during prehydrolysis through homolytic cleavage of the aryl-ether bonds resulting in a substantial molecular weight loss of the residual lignin in the treated wood and in the lignin fractions isolated from the prehydrolysate. The aryl-ether cleavage is coupled with a strong increase in phenolic hydroxyl groups and a decrease in aliphatic hydroxyl groups. Indication for condensation reactions were found by NMR spectroscopy.
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