Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives
Editor-in-Chief: Salmén, Lennart
Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi
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Effect of autohydrolysis of Eucalyptus globulus wood on lignin structure. Part 2: Influence of autohydrolysis intensity
Three different levels of autohydrolysis intensity, expressed as the prehydrolysis (P)-factor, were applied to Eucalyptus globulus wood at a liquor/wood ratio of 5:1. Lignin fractions were isolated from the wood residue as milled wood lignin (MWL), from the hydrolysate by centrifugation (insoluble fraction) and by ethyl acetate extraction (soluble fraction), and from the reactor wall as precipitate. With increasing autohydrolysis duration, a decrease in the content of aliphatic hydroxyl groups and of β-O-4 structures was detected in all lignin fractions, whereas the content of phenolic hydroxyl groups increased in the same order. MWL isolated from wood residue after autohydrolysis at the highest P-factor contained only half the β-O-4 structures contained in native lignin. Molecular weight distribution measurements revealed that fragmentation reactions dominated over condensation reactions in all lignin samples investigated. However, low-molecular-weight lignin dissolved in autohydrolysate exhibited extremely high reactivity towards acid-catalysed condensation reaction, which inevitably leads to the formation of sticky precipitates during storage at elevated temperature under the acid conditions prevailing.
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