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Holzforschung

International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Berry, Richard / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gellerstedt, Göran / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Heitner, Cyril / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Kleen, Marjatta / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Pizzi, Antonio / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Viikari, Liisa / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi


IMPACT FACTOR increased in 2015: 1.711
5-year IMPACT FACTOR: 1.794
Rank 3 out of 21 in category Materials Science, Paper & Wood and 14 out of 66 in Forestry in the 2015 Thomson Reuters Journal Citation Report/Science Edition

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2015: 0.817
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2015: 0.954
Impact per Publication (IPP) 2015: 1.427

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1437-434X
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Micromechanics of creep and relaxation of wood. A review COST Action E35 2004–2008: Wood machining – micromechanics and fracture

Parviz Navi1 / Stefanie Stanzl-Tschegg2

1Institute of Materials Science, Ecole Polytechnique Fédéral de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland and Bern University of Applied Sciences, Biel, Switzerland

2Institute of Physics and Materials Science, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria

Corresponding author. Bern University of Applied Sciences, Solothurnstrasse 102, P.O. Box, 2500 Biel, Switzerland Phone: +41-32-3440264 Fax: +41-32-3440391

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 63, Issue 2, Pages 186–195, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: 10.1515/HF.2009.013, December 2008

Publication History

Received:
2008-05-13
Accepted:
2008-09-09
Published Online:
2008-12-04

Abstract

Wood, like all polymeric materials, shows viscoelastic behaviour. The time dependent behaviour of wood depends on material anisotropy, temperature, moisture and stresses. To predict the behaviour of wood, numerous mathematical models have been developed largely relying on experimental results. In this paper, time dependent viscoelastic behaviour of wood is reviewed under constant and cyclic climatic conditions, separately. More emphasis is given on results obtained in recent years on the behaviour of thin wood tissues, single fibres, thermo-viscoelasticity of wood, influence of hemicelluloses and the modelling of the effect of transient moisture at the molecular level on the mechanical response.

Keywords: creep; hydrogen bonding; mechano-sorptive effect; micromechanics; modelling; relaxation; single wood fibre; viscoelasticity; wood tissue

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