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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Volume 63, Issue 2 (Mar 2009)


Micromechanics of creep and relaxation of wood. A review COST Action E35 2004–2008: Wood machining – micromechanics and fracture

Parviz Navi
  • 1Institute of Materials Science, Ecole Polytechnique Fédéral de Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland and Bern University of Applied Sciences, Biel, Switzerland
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Stefanie Stanzl-Tschegg
  • 2Institute of Physics and Materials Science, BOKU-University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria
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Published Online: 2008-12-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2009.013


Wood, like all polymeric materials, shows viscoelastic behaviour. The time dependent behaviour of wood depends on material anisotropy, temperature, moisture and stresses. To predict the behaviour of wood, numerous mathematical models have been developed largely relying on experimental results. In this paper, time dependent viscoelastic behaviour of wood is reviewed under constant and cyclic climatic conditions, separately. More emphasis is given on results obtained in recent years on the behaviour of thin wood tissues, single fibres, thermo-viscoelasticity of wood, influence of hemicelluloses and the modelling of the effect of transient moisture at the molecular level on the mechanical response.

Keywords: creep; hydrogen bonding; mechano-sorptive effect; micromechanics; modelling; relaxation; single wood fibre; viscoelasticity; wood tissue

About the article

Corresponding author. Bern University of Applied Sciences, Solothurnstrasse 102, P.O. Box, 2500 Biel, Switzerland Phone: +41-32-3440264 Fax: +41-32-3440391

Received: 2008-05-13

Accepted: 2008-09-09

Published Online: 2008-12-04

Published Online: 2008-12-04

Published in Print: 2009-03-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2009.013.

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