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Rio, Jose C. / Laine, Christiane / Potthast, Antje / Takano, Toshiyuki / Theliander, Hans


International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Application of the end loaded split and single-leg bending tests to the mixed-mode fracture characterization of wood

Jorge M.Q. Oliveira
  • Departamento de Engenharia de Madeiras, Instituto Superior Politécnico de Viseu, Viseu, Portugal
/ Marcelo F.S.F. de Moura
  • Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica e Gestão Industrial, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Porto, Portugal
/ José J.L. Morais
  • CITAB – Center for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environment and Biological Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal
Published Online: 2009-06-03 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2009.088


This work describes the application of end loaded split and single-leg bending tests to the mixed-mode fracture characterization of wood. Experimental tests and numerical validation analyses were performed. A new data reduction scheme based on the crack equivalent concept is proposed. The method overcomes the difficulties inherent to these tests, such as crack length monitoring during propagation and influence of clamping conditions. The single-leg bending test is simpler to execute and provided accurate results. The obtained mixed-mode fracture energy is associated with the pure mode values and the obtained trend point to a linear fracture criterion as a candidate to describe the fracture behavior of the Pinus pinaster Ait. wood.

Keywords: cohesive damage model; end loaded split test; mixed-mode; single-leg bending test; wood

Corresponding author. Departamento de Engenharia Mecânica e Gestão Industrial, Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do Porto, Rua Dr. Roberto Frias, 4200-465 Porto, Portugal Phone: +351-225081727 Fax: +351-225081584

Received: 2008-12-03

Accepted: 2009-03-09

Published Online: 2009-06-03

Published Online: 2009-06-03

Published in Print: 2009-09-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 63, Issue 5, Pages 597–602, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2009.088, June 2009

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