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Wood Research and Technology


Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar / Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.709
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Volume 64, Issue 3


Termite-resistant heartwood. Effect of antioxidants on termite feeding deterrence and mortality

Nathan S. Little / Tor P. Schultz / Darrel D. Nicholas
Published Online: 2010-02-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf.2010.053


Biocides currently employed to prevent termite damage face environmental and toxicity concerns. We recently proposed that heartwood which is naturally resistant to termites might be due to the extractives having both toxicity and antioxidant properties and we reported that the artificial and benign antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) had termite feeding deterrence and toxicity properties. Here, we investigate other antioxidants, both natural and synthetic, and analogs which lack antioxidant properties, on Reticulitermes flavipes Kollar. Laboratory no-choice tests according to AWPA Standard E1 were performed. Antioxidants that are benign to humans had feeding deterrence and mortality properties to R. flavipes. Conversely, the non-antioxidant analogs, with the exception of the heterocyclic flavanone which was previously shown to be active against decay fungi, had little effect on R. flavipes. We conclude that R. flavipes avoids wood which contain high levels of antioxidants, such as heartwood with phenolic extractives.

Keywords: antioxidants; butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA); durable heartwood; flavonoids; tannic acid; termites

About the article

Corresponding author. Forest Products Department/FWRC, Box 9820, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762-9820, USA Phone: +1-662-325-3136 Fax: +1-662-325-8126

Received: 2009-10-14

Accepted: 2009-11-28

Published Online: 2010-02-10

Published Online: 2010-02-10

Published in Print: 2010-04-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 64, Issue 3, Pages 395–398, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf.2010.053.

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