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Wood Research and Technology


Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar / Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Volume 64, Issue 5


Effect of different soils and pH amendments on brown-rot decay activity in a soil block test

Nathan S. Little / Tor P. Schultz / Darrel D. Nicholas
Published Online: 2010-07-12 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf.2010.081


The soil block test is the most widely employed laboratory method for determination of biocide efficacy in North America. However, surprisingly little is known about the effect of different soil properties and soil amendments on fungal decay. Four soils with different textures and chemical properties were obtained and characterized. These soils, with and without pH amendments, were submitted to one soil block decay study using untreated southern pine wood and two brown-rot fungi. A second study examined the effect of adding water-soluble calcium chloride to soils, or directly to wood, on brown-rot decay. Based on the results of the first study with a limited number of soils, changes in the specified properties of the soil are suggested. Generally, fungal decay was reduced by raising the soil pH for acidic soils by hydrated lime as specified in the standards, or by adding water-soluble acidic calcium chloride to basic soils.

Keywords: brown-rot fungi; calcium; hydrated lime; organic matter; soil; soil block decay; soil pH; water holding capacity

About the article

Corresponding author. Forest Products Department/FWRC, Box 9820, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762-9820, USA Phone: +1-662-325-3136

Received: 2009-11-11

Accepted: 2010-03-31

Published Online: 2010-07-12

Published Online: 2010-07-12

Published in Print: 2010-08-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 64, Issue 5, Pages 667–671, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf.2010.081.

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