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Rio, Jose C. / Laine, Christiane / Potthast, Antje / Takano, Toshiyuki / Theliander, Hans


International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Tamminen, Tarja / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Characteristics and discrimination of five types of wood-plastic composites by FTIR spectroscopy combined with principal component analysis

Chia-Huang Lee1 / Tung-Lin Wu1 / Yong-Long Chen1 / Jyh-Horng Wu1

1Department of Forestry, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan

Corresponding author. Department of Forestry, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan Phone: +886-4-22840345 Fax: +886-4-22851308

Citation Information: Holzforschung. Volume 64, Issue 6, Pages 699–704, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf.2010.104, July 2010

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The analytical potential of attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy has been tested on the following wood-plastic composites (WPCs): high and low density polyethylene (HDPE and LDPE), polypropylene (PP), polystyrene (PS), and a recycled plastic (rHDPE). The data set of ATR-FTIR spectra has been analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and the studied samples could be grouped according to their polymeric matrixes. Additionally, ATR-FTIR spectroscopy proved to be a useful tool for determining the distribution profile of wood and plastic materials within different types of WPCs. Accordingly, the plastic content of the surface layers of HDPE, rHDPE, and PP composites was significantly higher than that of the core layer, whereas homogenous dispersion was observed in the LDPE composite. Among all WPCs, the PS composite displayed the worst dispersion.

Keywords: attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR); distribution profile; principal component analysis; recycled plastic; wood-plastic composites

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