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Wood Research and Technology

Holzforschung

Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar / Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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1437-434X
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Volume 66, Issue 2

Issues

Furfuryl alcohol impregnation for improved plasticization and fixation during the densification of wood

Alexander Pfriem
  • Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development, University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Wood Science and Technology, Madera Wood Research, Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 28, 16225 Eberswalde, Germany
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/ Tobias Dietrich
  • Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Wood and Paper Technology, 01062 Dresden, Germany
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Beate Buchelt
  • Technische Universität Dresden, Institute of Wood and Paper Technology, 01062 Dresden, Germany
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Published Online: 2011-08-11 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2011.134

Abstract

The densification of wood leads to better mechanical properties, e.g., an increased hardness and dimensional stability. However, densified or shaped wood in contact with water springs back into its original shape without fixation. Hence, the aim of this study was the development of a combined densification and fixation procedure. Beech wood samples (Fagus sylvatica L.) were impregnated with a solution consisting of furfuryl alcohol and maleic anhydride. The compression of these impregnated samples to approximately 30% followed by a curing process in a heating press resulted in a significant increase of hardness and dimensional stability. The spring-back-effect was clearly reduced by the in situ polymerization of the furfuryl alcohol solution to furan resins.

Keywords: anti-swelling efficiency; compressed wood; dimensional stability; furan chemistry; furfuryl alcohol; hardness; modulus of elasticity; plasticization; spring-back-effect

About the article

Corresponding author. Eberswalde University for Sustainable Development, University of Applied Sciences, Faculty of Wood Science and Technology, Madera Wood Research, Friedrich-Ebert-Straße 28, 16225 Eberswalde, Germany


Received: 2011-03-04

Accepted: 2011-07-08

Published Online: 2011-08-11

Published in Print: 2012-02-01


Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 66, Issue 2, Pages 215–218, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/HF.2011.134.

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