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Wood Research and Technology


Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

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Volume 66, Issue 4


Assessment of the early signs of decay of Populus deltoides wafers exposed to Trametes versicolor by near infrared spectroscopy

Benny Green / Paul David Jones / Darrel D. Nicholas / Laurence R. Schimleck
  • Warnell School of Forestry and Natural Resources, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Rubin Shmulsky / Joseph Dahlen
Published Online: 2012-03-08 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2012-0501


The use of near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy to predict levels of white-rot degradation in Populus deltoides (cottonwood) by Trametes versicolor over the couse of 1–8 days was investigated. NIR spectra were collected from cross-sectional faces following laboratory soil block decay tests. Spectra in the range of 1100–2400 nm were calibrated in terms of mass loss, compression strength and exposure period based on data of standard methods. The first and second derivatives of NIR spectra were also included into the calibration, which was done by partial least squares regression. The best calibrations with the strongest R2 values were obtained in terms of exposure period (R2 0.92, second derivative), mass loss (R2 0.89, first derivative) and compression strength (R2 0.51, second derivative). As far as the validation (prediction) statistics are concerned, the following data were obtained: exposure period (R2=0.71; RPDp 1.81, second derivative), mass loss prediction (R2=0.43; RPDp=0.67, first derivative) and compression strength R2=0.28; RPDp=1.14 (second derivative). The weak statistical data can be interpreted only in a way that the data are not robust and thus an early prediction of fungal attack by NIR spectroscopy is not yet reliable.

Keywords: cottonwood; decay; near infrared spectroscopy; Trametes versicolor

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Corresponding author

Received: 2010-08-03

Accepted: 2012-02-02

Published Online: 2012-03-08

Published in Print: 2012-05-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 66, Issue 4, Pages 515–520, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2012-0501.

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