Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives
Editor-in-Chief: Salmén, Lennart
Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi
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Fractionation and characterization of lignin carbohydrate complexes (LCCs) of Eucalyptus globulus in residues left after MWL isolation. Part I: Analyses of hemicellulose-lignin fraction (HC-L)
The residual wood meal left after milled wood lignin (MWL) isolation (MWR) was extracted with the cellulose solvent lithium chloride/N,N-dimethylacetamide (LiCl/DMAc) to obtain a soluble fraction (C-L) and an insoluble fraction (C-L-residue). The C-L-residue was further extracted with the hemicellulose solvent 3 M NaOH to give a soluble fraction named hemicellulose-lignin fraction (HC-L) with 21.3% yield based on MWR. It was found that HC-L was composed of xylan, cellulose and lignin with abundant S-type β-O-4 substructures. HC-L lignin was bonded to HC-L cellulose or HC-L hemicelluloses or both. The method, which comprised acetylation for hardwood xylan (by acetic anhydride/pyridine/formamide) and extraction with chloroform, was found to be effective for selective xylan acetate fractionation. HC-L was further fractionated by the same method and subsequent deacetylation to give a xylan-lignin fraction (X-L) in 11.3% yield based on HC-L. X-L was composed mainly of xylan and lignin with abundant S-type β-O-4 substructures, and bonded to X-L xylan. X-L is considered as a promising fraction for elucidation of the structure of lignin-carbohydrate linkages.
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