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Holzforschung

International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

12 Issues per year


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1437-434X
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Volume 68, Issue 4 (May 2014)

Issues

Esterification of wood with citric acid: The catalytic effects of sodium hypophosphite (SHP)

Xinhao Feng
  • Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin, 150040, People’s Republic of China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Zefang Xiao
  • Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin, 150040, People’s Republic of China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Shujuan Sui
  • Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin, 150040, People’s Republic of China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Qingwen Wang
  • Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin, 150040, People’s Republic of China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Yanjun Xie
  • Corresponding author
  • Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin, 150040, People’s Republic of China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2013-10-25 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2013-0122

Abstract

Sodium hypophosphite (SHP) has been recognized as the most efficient catalyst in the esterification reaction of cellulosic fabrics with citric acid (CA), but both the high cost and the environmentally harmful property of SHP call for optimization of its application. In this study poplar wood (Populus adenopoda Maxim.) was treated with CA to various weight percent gains (WPGs) and the effect of SHP on the resulting properties of treated wood was investigated. Esterification with CA can occur also in the absence of SHP, as evidenced by the resistance to water leaching of CA. Wood treated with CA alone to 36% WPG exhibited 7% bulking, 50% anti-swelling efficiency, 30% reductions of the modulus of rupture, and 50% lower impact strength. Treatments with CA in the presence of SHP provided wood properties comparable to wood treated with CA alone. Thus the application of SHP can be questioned from the point of view of an economic production and environmental protection.

Keywords: catalytic effects; citric acid; mechanical properties; sodium hypophosphite; wood modification

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About the article

Corresponding author: Yanjun Xie, Key Laboratory of Bio-based Material Science and Technology (Ministry of Education), College of Material Science and Engineering, Northeast Forestry University, 26 Hexing Road, Harbin, 150040, People’s Republic of China, Phone: +86 451 8219 1002, Fax: +86 451 8219 1002, e-mail:


Received: 2013-07-04

Accepted: 2013-10-01

Published Online: 2013-10-25

Published in Print: 2014-05-01


Citation Information: Holzforschung, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2013-0122.

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