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Wood Research and Technology


Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

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Volume 69, Issue 7


Nonlinear tensile creep behavior of radiata pine at elevated temperatures and different moisture contents

Hamish Pearson
  • Corresponding author
  • New Zealand Forest Research Institute (Scion), 49 Sala Street, Private Bag 3020, Rotorua, New Zealand
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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/ Sigurdur Ormarsson / Brian Gabbitas
Published Online: 2014-12-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2014-0240


Tensile wood creep has not been measured previously in the temperature region 135°C–150°C for a range of moisture content (MC) up to fiber saturation point due to equipment and measurement challenges. Yet this is the region where the most dramatic softening effects can be observed. The aim of this study was to develop specialized equipment to measure tensile solid wood creep over 70°C–150°C for a range of MC and loads. Creep displacement was successfully able to be isolated from elastic and mechanosorptive strains and statistically modeled by regression analysis. This proved more accurate than complex series expansions consisting of spring- and dashpot-type components. The best creep displacement relationship was a power law with a strain root mean square error of 0.28%. The amplitude of the power law was nonlinear with respect to stress and temperature and changed by a stress factor of up to 0.9 for a stress of up to 1.2 MPa and by a temperature factor 1.2–6.3 over the investigated range. The creep relationship provides a valuable tool for predicting time-dependent distortion and internal stress of wood during drying or thermohygromechanical modification below 150°C.

Keywords: high temperature; material properties; moisture content; nonlinear creep; softening; tensile creeping; thermohygromechanical (THM); wood


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About the article

Corresponding author: Hamish Pearson, New Zealand Forest Research Institute (Scion), 49 Sala Street, Private Bag 3020, Rotorua, New Zealand, e-mail:

Received: 2014-09-02

Accepted: 2014-11-04

Published Online: 2014-12-10

Published in Print: 2015-09-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 69, Issue 7, Pages 915–923, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2014-0240.

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