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International Journal of the Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Technology of Wood

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar

Editorial Board Member: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Salmen, Lennart / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Volume 70, Issue 5 (May 2016)


Characterisation of cubic oak specimens from the Vasa ship and recent wood by means of quasi-static loading and resonance ultrasound spectroscopy (RUS)

Alexey Vorobyev
  • Corresponding author
  • Division of Applied Mechanics, Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Olivier Arnould / Didier Laux / Roberto Longo
  • ESEO Group – GSII, 49107 Angers, France
  • L’UNAM University, LAUM, CNRS UMR 6613, 72085 Le Mans, France
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Nico P. van Dijk
  • Division of Applied Mechanics, Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
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  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ E. Kristofer Gamstedt
  • Division of Applied Mechanics, Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2015-09-10 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2015-0073


The cylindrical orthotropy, inherent time-dependency response, and variation between and within samples make the stiffness characterisation of wood more challenging than most other structural materials. The purpose of the present study is to compare static loading with resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (RUS) and to investigate how to combine the advantages of each of these two methods to improve the estimation of the full set of elastic parameters of a unique sample. The behavior of wood as an orthotropic mechanical material was quantified by elastic engineering parameters, i.e. Poisson’s ratios and Young’s and shear moduli. Recent and waterlogged archaeological oak impregnated with polyethylene glycol (PEG) from the Vasa warship built in 1628 was in focus. The experimental results were compared, and the difference between RUS and static loading was studied. This study contributes additional information on the influence of PEG and degradation on the elastic engineering parameters of wood. Finally, the shear moduli and Poisson’s ratios were experimentally determined for Vasa archaeological oak for the first time.

Keywords: archaeological wood; compression test; cubic samples; elastic constants; oak wood; quasi-static loading; resonant ultrasound spectroscopy (RUS); Vasa ship


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About the article

Corresponding author: Alexey Vorobyev, Division of Applied Mechanics, Ångström Laboratory, Uppsala University, Box 534, SE-751 21 Uppsala, Sweden, e-mail: ;

Received: 2015-03-17

Accepted: 2015-08-10

Published Online: 2015-09-10

Published in Print: 2016-05-01

Citation Information: Holzforschung, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2015-0073.

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