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Wood Research and Technology

Holzforschung

Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Faix, Oskar / Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi

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Volume 72, Issue 8

Issues

Boron fixation effect of quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) on sodium fluoroborate (NaBF4)-treated wood

Yiheng Huang
  • MOE Key Laboratory of Wooden Material Science and Application, Beijing Forestry University, Qinghua East Road 35, Haidian 100083, Beijing, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Wang Wang
  • MOE Key Laboratory of Wooden Material Science and Application, Beijing Forestry University, Qinghua East Road 35, Haidian 100083, Beijing, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jinzhen Cao
  • Corresponding author
  • MOE Key Laboratory of Wooden Material Science and Application, Beijing Forestry University, Qinghua East Road 35, Haidian 100083, Beijing, China, Phone: +86-10-62337381
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
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Published Online: 2018-04-30 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2017-0201

Abstract

Aiming at a better leaching resistance of borate-treated wood, the quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs), didecyl dimethyl ammonium chloride (DDAC) and benzalkonium chloride (BAC) were reacted with sodium tetrafluoroborate (NaBF4). The anti-fungal properties of the resulting didecyl dimethyl ammonium tetrafluoroborate (DBF) and benzalkonium tetrafluoroborate (BBF) were tested by the Petri dish method. Poplar (Populus tomentosa Carr.) and Southern pine (Pinus spp.) blocks were treated through a two-step method at three molar ratios of NaBF4 to the QACs. The retentions of the reactive components were determined by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission (ICP-AE) spectroscopy and the distribution of boron in wood was observed by scanning electron microscopy/energy-dispersive X-ray analyses (SEM-EDXA). Fourteen-day leaching and water absorption tests were also performed. DBF and BBF both exhibited moderate fungicidal activity against Trametes versicolor and Gloeophyllum trabeum in Petri dishes. The boron remaining in samples after leaching increased with increasing QACs concentration in the second step impregnation. SEM-EDXA showed no obvious morphological changes in the wood surface and DBF and BBF were only found in the cell walls. The water absorption of the treated samples were lower than the controls.

Keywords: biological activity; boron leaching; quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs); sodium tetrafluoroborate; two-step impregnation

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About the article

Received: 2017-12-06

Accepted: 2018-03-21

Published Online: 2018-04-30

Published in Print: 2018-07-26


Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: None declared.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.


Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 72, Issue 8, Pages 711–718, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2017-0201.

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