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Wood Research and Technology

Holzforschung

Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.079

CiteScore 2017: 1.94

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1437-434X
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Volume 72, Issue 9

Issues

Reducing formaldehyde emission from wood-based panels by modification of UF and MUF resins with condensates obtained from kiln-drying of wood

Nadir Ayrilmis
  • Corresponding author
  • Istanbul University, Department of Wood Mechanics and Technology, Bahcekoy, Sariyer, 34473 Istanbul, Turkey, Phone: +90 212 338 2400, Fax: +90 212 338 2400
  • Email
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/ Tolga Kaptı
  • Polisan Kimya San. A.Ş., Dilovası Organize Sanayi Bölgesi 1, Kısım Liman Cad. No: 7, 41455 Dilovası/Kocaeli, Turkey
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/ Ali Gürel
  • Forest Research Institute, Marmara Region, General Directorate of Forestry of Turkey, 34398 Istanbul, Turkey
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Published Online: 2018-05-04 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2017-0194

Abstract

Liquid condensates collected during drying of lumber, sawdust or wood powder are usually discarded. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential utilization of such condensates from oak, beech and walnut, focusing on those obtained in a 7.8 MHz vacuum dryer. The condensate was replaced with the deionized water (5%) in the production of urea-formaldehyde (UF) and melamine-urea-formaldehyde (MUF) resins in the reactor. The technical properties of the resins and chemical properties of the liquid condensates were determined. Particleboards (PB) and middle density fiberboards (MDF) were produced from the control and modified resins. The technical properties of both modified resins were between the limit values of commercial UF and MUF resins used in the wood-based panel industry. The formaldehyde (F) emission from PB and MDF decreased significantly by incorporation of the condensates into the UF and MUF resins.

Keywords: bioscavenger; condensate fluid; fiberboard; formaldehyde emission; melamine-formaldehyde (MUF); particleboard (PB); resin; resin for wood panels; urea-formaldehyde (UF)

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About the article

Received: 2017-11-27

Accepted: 2018-03-28

Published Online: 2018-05-04

Published in Print: 2018-09-25


Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Research funding: This work was supported by the Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) under Industry Research and Development Grant 3151119.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.


Citation Information: Holzforschung, Volume 72, Issue 9, Pages 753–757, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2017-0194.

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