Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Show Summary Details
More options …
Wood Research and Technology

Holzforschung

Cellulose – Hemicelluloses – Lignin – Wood Extractives

Editor-in-Chief: Salmén, Lennart

Editorial Board: Daniel, Geoffrey / Militz, Holger / Rosenau, Thomas / Sixta, Herbert / Vuorinen, Tapani / Argyropoulos, Dimitris S. / Balakshin, Yu / Barnett, J. R. / Burgert, Ingo / Rio, Jose C. / Evans, Robert / Evtuguin, Dmitry V. / Frazier, Charles E. / Fukushima, Kazuhiko / Gindl-Altmutter, Wolfgang / Glasser, W. G. / Holmbom, Bjarne / Isogai, Akira / Kadla, John F. / Koch, Gerald / Lachenal, Dominique / Laine, Christiane / Mansfield, Shawn D. / Morrell, J.J. / Niemz, Peter / Potthast, Antje / Ragauskas, Arthur J. / Ralph, John / Rice, Robert W. / Salin, Jarl-Gunnar / Schmitt, Uwe / Schultz, Tor P. / Sipilä, Jussi / Takano, Toshiyuki / Tamminen, Tarja / Theliander, Hans / Welling, Johannes / Willför, Stefan / Yoshihara, Hiroshi


IMPACT FACTOR 2017: 2.079

CiteScore 2017: 1.94

SCImago Journal Rank (SJR) 2017: 0.709
Source Normalized Impact per Paper (SNIP) 2017: 0.979

Online
ISSN
1437-434X
See all formats and pricing
More options …
Ahead of print

Issues

Towards better UV-blocking and antioxidant performance of varnish via additives based on lignin and its colloids

Shanyuan Tan
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Green Fine Chemicals, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Di Liu
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Green Fine Chemicals, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Yong Qian
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Green Fine Chemicals, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jingyu Wang
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Green Fine Chemicals, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Jinhao Huang
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Green Fine Chemicals, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Conghua Yi
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Green Fine Chemicals, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Xueqing Qiu
  • School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Guangdong Engineering Research Center for Green Fine Chemicals, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
/ Yanlin Qin
  • Corresponding author
  • School of Chemical Engineering and Light Industry, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510006, China
  • Email
  • Other articles by this author:
  • De Gruyter OnlineGoogle Scholar
Published Online: 2018-12-22 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2018-0134

Abstract

Organosolv lignin (OL) extracted from pine wood was self-assembled into uniform nanocolloidal spheres (OLCS) in acetone/water and blended with varnish for better UV-blocking and antioxidant performance. The UV transmittance of the varnish with 1% OL was lower than that of a commercial varnish containing synthetic UVA and UVB blocker. Samples coated with OL-based varnish and UV irradiated for 100 h showed 84 and 69% less color change, respectively, compared to that of pure and commercial varnishes. Due to the higher surface area and better compatibility, the varnish blended with 1% OLCS showed better UV-blocking and photostability than those based on 1% OL additive. The color change of varnish was not perceptible. The lignin-based additives significantly enhanced the hardness and adhesion performance of the varnish and had little influence on the esthetic appearance of the samples. The hardness and modulus of elasticity of varnish increased by 61 and 36%, respectively, in the presence of 1% OLCS. The possible enhancement mechanism was explained by molecular interaction forces.

Keywords: antioxidant; lignin; nanocolloidal spheres; UV-blocking; varnish

References

  • Aguiébéghin, V., Foulon, L., Soto, P., Crônier, D., Corti, E., Legée, F., Cézard, L., Chabbert, B., Maillard, M.N., Huijgen, W.J.J., Baumberger, S. (2015) Use of food and packaging model matrices to investigate the antioxidant properties of biorefinery grass lignins. J. Agric. Food Chem. 63:10022–10031.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Augustyniak, A., Bartosz, G.A., Duburs, G., Horakova, L., Luczaj, W., Majekova, M., Odysseos, A.D., Rackova, L., Skrzydlewska, E., Stefek, M., Strosova, M., Tirzitis, G., Venskutonis, P.R., Viskupicova, J., Vraka, P.S., Zarkovic, N. (2010) Natural and synthetic antioxidants: an updated overview. Free Rad. Res. 44:1216–1262.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Belgacem, M.N., Blayo, A., Gandini, A. (2003) Organosolv lignin as a filler in inks, varnishes and paints. Ind. Crops Prod. 182:145–153.Google Scholar

  • Bode, D., Wilson, P., Craun, G.P. (2014) Lignin based coating compositions. WO/2014/095800 A1.Google Scholar

  • Calejaa, C., Barrosa, L., Antonioa, A.L., Oliveirac, M.B.P.P., Ferreira, I.C.F.R. (2017) A comparative study between natural and synthetic antioxidants: evaluation of their performance after incorporation into biscuits. Food Chem. 216:342–346.PubMedCrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Chen, L., Dou, J., Ma, Q., Li, N., Wu, R.C., Bian, H.Y., Yelle, D.J., Vuorinen, T., Fu, S.Y., Pan, X.J., Zhu, J.Y. (2017) Rapid and near-complete dissolution of wood lignin at ≤80°C by a recyclable acid hydrotrope. Sci. Adv. 3:1701735.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Corrêa, B.A., Gonçalves, A.S., de Souza, A.M., Freitas, C.A., Cabral, L.M., Albuquerque, M.G., Castro, H.C., dos Santos, E.P., Rodrigues, C.R. (2012) Molecular modeling studies of the structural, electronic, and UV absorption properties of benzophenone derivatives. J. Phys. Chem. A. 116:10927–10933.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Dietemann, P., Kälin, M., Zumbühl, S., Knochenmuss, R., Wülfert, S., Zenobi, R. (2001) A mass spectrometry and electron paramagnetic resonance study of photochemical and thermal aging of triterpenoid varnishes. Anal. Chem. 73:2087–2096.CrossrefPubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Dobashi, Y., Ohkatsu, Y. (2008) Dependence of ultraviolet absorbers’ performance on ultraviolet wavelength. Polym. Degrad. Stabil. 93:436–447.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • DopicoGarcía, M.S., LópezVilariñó J.M., GonzálezRodríguez, M.V. (2007) Antioxidant content of and migration from commercial polyethylene, polypropylene, and polyvinyl chloride packages. J. Agric. Food Chem. 55:3225–3231.CrossrefPubMedWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Forsthuber, B., Grüll, G. (2010) The effects of HALS in the prevention of photo-degradation of acrylic clear topcoats and wooden surfaces. Polym. Degrad. Stabil. 95:746–755.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gordobil, O., Herrera, R., Llano-Ponte, R., Labidi, J. (2017) Esterified organosolv lignin as hydrophobic agent for use on wood products. Prog. Org. Coat. 103:143–151.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Gouveia, S., Otero, L.A., Fernández-Costas, C., Filgueira, D. (2018) Green binder based on enzymatically polymerized eucalypt kraft lignin for fiberboard manufacturing: a preliminary study. Polymers 10:642–657.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • KoŠíková, B., Lábaj, J., Gregorová, A., Slameňová, D. (2006) Lignin antioxidants for preventing oxidation damage of DNA and for stabilizing polymeric composites. Holzforschung. 60:166–170.Google Scholar

  • Lafontaine, R.H. (1979) Decreasing the yellowing rate of dammar varnish using antioxidants. Stud. Conserv. 24:14–22.Google Scholar

  • Lee, M.R., Bland, P.A. (2003) Dating climatic change in hot deserts using desert varnish on meteorite finds. Earth Planet Sci. Lett. 206:187–198.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Li, Z., Kong, Y., Ge, Y. (2015) Synthesis of porous lignin xanthate resin for Pb2+, removal from aqueous solution. Chem. Eng. J. 270:229–234.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Muasher, M., Sain, M. (2006) The efficacy of photostabilizers on the color change of wood filled plastic composites. Polym. Degrad. Stabil. 91:1156–1165.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Ozalp, M., Gezer, I., Korkut, S. (2009) The investigation of heat treatment with water-based varnish double components in varnish applications of wood material. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 8:1689–1694.Google Scholar

  • Pan, X., Kadla, J.F., Ehara, K., Gilkes, N., Saddler, J.N. (2006) Organosolv ethanol lignin from hybrid poplar as a radical scavenger: relationship between lignin structure, extraction conditions, and antioxidant activity. J. Agric. Food Chem. 54:5806–5813.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Panzella, L., Cerruti, P., Ambrogi, V., Agustin-Salazar, S., D’Errico, G., Carfagna, C., Goya, L., Ramos, S., Martín, M.A., Napolitano, A., D’Ischia, M. (2016) A superior all-natural antioxidant biomaterial from spent coffee grounds for polymer stabilization, cell protection, and food lipid preservation. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 4:1169–1179.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Qian, Y., Qiu, X.Q., Zhu, S.P. (2015) Lignin: a nature-inspired sun blocker for broad-spectrum sunscreens. Green Chem. 17:320–324.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Qian, Y., Zhong, X., Li, Y., Qiu, X. (2017) Fabrication of uniform lignin colloidal spheres for developing natural broad-spectrum sunscreens with high sun protection factor. Ind. Crops Prod. 101:54–60.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Qiu, X., Kong, Q., Zhou, M., Yang, D. (2010) Aggregation behavior of sodium lignosulfonate in water solution. J. Phys. Chem. B. 114:15857–15861.PubMedWeb of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Salca, E.A., Krystofiak, T., Lis, B., Mazela, B., Proszyk, S. (2016). Some coating properties of black alder wood as a function of varnish type and application method. Bioresources. 11:7580–7594.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Schabron, J.F., Fenska, L.E. (1980) Determination of BHT, Irganox 1076, and Irganox 1010 antioxidant additives in polyethylene by high performance liquid chromatography. Anal. Chem. 52:1411–1415.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Schaller, C., Rogez, D. (2007) New approaches in wood coating stabilization. J. Coat. Technol. Res. 4:401–409.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Schwope, A.D., Till, D.E., Ehntholt, D.J., Sidman, K.R., Whelan, R.H., Schwartz, P.S., Reid, R.C. (1987) Migration of BHT and Irganox 1010 from low-density polyethylene (LDPE) to foods and food-simulating liquids. Food Chem. Toxicol. 25:317–326.PubMedCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Shukla, B., Singhal, R., Nagpal, A., Singh, P. (2006) Application of lignin in solventless polyester varnish. Int. J. Plast. Technol. 102:701–708.Google Scholar

  • Taofiq, O., Gonzalez-Paramas, A.M., Martins, A., Barreiro, M.F., Ferreira, I.C.F.R. (2016) Mushrooms extracts and compounds in cosmetics, cosmeceuticals and nutricosmetics – a review. Ind. Crop. Prod. 90:38–48.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Thakur, V.K., Thakur, M.K., Raghavan, P., Kessler, M.R. (2014) Progress in green polymer composites from lignin for multifunctional applications: a review. ACS Sustain. Chem. Eng. 2:1072–1092.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Turon, X., Rojas, O.J., Deinhammer, R.S. (2018) Enzymatic kinetics of cellulose hydrolysis:a QCM-D study. Langmuir, 24:3880–3887.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Ugartondo, V., Mitjans, M., Vinardell, M.P. (2008) Comparative antioxidant and cytotoxic effects of lignins from different sources. Bioresour. Technol. 99:6683–6687.CrossrefWeb of SciencePubMedGoogle Scholar

  • Vinardell, M.P., Ugartondo, V., Mitjans, M. (2008) Potential applications of antioxidant lignins from different sources. Ind. Crops Prod. 27:220–223.Web of ScienceCrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Wang, J., Qian, Y., Deng, Y., Liu, D., Li, H., Qiu, X. (2016) Probing the interactions between lignin and inorganic oxides using atomic force microscopy. Appl. Surf. Sci. 390:617–622.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Xu, Z., Han, W., Zhang, Y., Wang, X., Li, A. (2009) Study on UV-resistant coatings system which could be applied on high temperature (70°C) steel surface. P.C.I. 39:19–25.Google Scholar

  • Zhang, Z., Ren, N., Li, Y., Kunisue, T., Gao, D., Kannan, K. (2001) Determination of benzotriazole and benzophenone UV filters in sediment and sewage sludge. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45:3909–3916.Web of ScienceGoogle Scholar

  • Zhang, J., Chen, Y., Sewell, P., Brook, M.A. (2015) Correction: Utilization of softwood lignin as both crosslinker and reinforcing agent in silicone elastomers. Green Chem. 17:1811–1819.CrossrefGoogle Scholar

  • Zhong, Z., Yu, Q., Yao, H., Wu, W.T., Feng, W.L., Yu, L., Xu, Z.Y. (2013) Study of the styrene–acrylic emulsion modified by hydroxyl-phosphate ester and its stoving varnish. Prog. Org. Coat. 76:858–862.CrossrefWeb of ScienceGoogle Scholar

About the article

Received: 2018-06-11

Accepted: 2018-11-13

Published Online: 2018-12-22


Funding Source: National Natural Science Foundation of China

Award identifier / Grant number: 21878113

Award identifier / Grant number: 21606089

Award identifier / Grant number: 21436004

We gratefully acknowledge the financial support from the National Natural Science Foundation of China (21878113, 21606089, 21436004), State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering (201701), Guangdong Province Science and Technology Research Project of China (2017B090903003) and Guangzhou Science and Technology Research Project of China (201704030126, 201806010139).


Author contributions: All the authors have accepted responsibility for the entire content of this submitted manuscript and approved submission.

Employment or leadership: None declared.

Honorarium: None declared.


Citation Information: Holzforschung, 20180134, ISSN (Online) 1437-434X, ISSN (Print) 0018-3830, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/hf-2018-0134.

Export Citation

©2018 Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Berlin/Boston.Get Permission

Comments (0)

Please log in or register to comment.
Log in